Scale Focus

The Petri Color 35

It’s got a good reputation the Petri Color 35. It seems to be relatively unknown, but from those who do know the camera, it seems to garner high praise – Dan who took this shot for me speaks very highly of it. I’ve had mine for quite a long time, and whilst I’ve always found it a neat little camera, I’ve never really committed to shooting with it. I recently decided it was time to change that…

I came to the conclusion that the best way to commit myself to shooting it was committing myself to writing about it. I included it in a poll that was to dictate the order in which I wrote about the cameras in question. In fact, if it hadn’t been for the poll being swung for the AiBORG by a mate of mine, the Petri would have probably won the race to be reviewed first – it was certainly the camera that attracted the most positive commentary from people. The odd thing was, I wasn’t that bothered that the AiBORG got in the way, I even let another camera (the Olympus mju iii wide 100) push the queue. So what’s the problem with this camera, why haven’t I been as enticed into shooting it as I have been with so many other cameras?

The comparison trap

I think the biggest problem I’ve had with the Petri Color 35 is the comparison trap – it doesn’t get used because of small comparisons with other cameras that feel like they are getting in the way. The most noteworthy protagonist in this story being the Rollei 35SE. Comparisons are made between these two cameras all the time – they often state the primary positive attribute of the Rollei as having a better lens than the Petri. Because of this – and despite the fact that the Petri is often referred to as having a more logical and easy to use design – I’ve just been less inclined to pick it up. Then there’s the comparison to the Olympus 35rc – a camera that despite its tiny size manages to include a rangefinder, a feat not “achieved” by the little Petri.

The obvious response to this is that the Rollei doesn’t have a rangefinder either, but where the Rollei lacks a rangefinder, it is does at least have a conventional focusing scale that shows the depth of field on top of the lens – not something that can be said of the Petri Color 35. I shall share my thoughts on these features and comparisons in more depth throughout the post, I’m just trying to paint a picture of a camera that for one reason or another has found its way to the back of my camera shelf.

Of course, the reality is, these comparisons aren’t really fair ones to make, not at least until I’ve shot with the thing. Rather than paling in the comparison to its peers, what the Petri might actually represent is an entirely unique camera. It is after all a camera that conquers the challenges of miniaturisation in some ingenious and quite fascinating ways. Whatever the reality, it was time I found out! The problem was – at least to start with – my experience didn’t go all that smoothly.

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Off to a bad start

Just prior to using the Petri Color 35 I’d been getting distracted again by a point & shoot Olympus, and after that could feel me getting distracted by the Leica M5. The one morning I decided to just bite the bullet, put a film in it and take it out. Unfortunately, once out of the house, my experience went down hill quickly. I took it on a walk with the dogs. I don’t often take that many photos when I go out with the dogs by myself as I quite often just go up a few roads, round a little park, and back home. I’ve walked this walk literally hundreds of times, so don’t feel particularly inspired to take photos. This occasion was no different, I chucked the camera in my pocket, and didn’t take it out – not to take photos at least. The first time it came out of my pocket was after fiddling with it in my pocket and the little rewind lever came unscrewed and popped off. I couldn’t have been more frustrated with myself. Having not used it before in any real way, the first time I do, I go and break the damned thing. Making sure not to lose any parts, I gently returned it to my pocket and walked home, cursing myself and the little Petri in the process.

Fixing a camera and a relationship

Once I got home, I just plonked it and it’s fallen-off bit back on the shelf. There was a moment when I figured I’d just not use it after that. This was until I decided I could write this little post about fixing it. It was surprisingly easy in the end. But, more important than the fix itself was the quite sizeable increase in desire to use the thing – pride in the achievement of fixing it I suppose – or perhaps we bonded in its moment of need…? Either way, I now had a greater motivation to take it out, so take it out I did. In fact, for the last week or so it’s gone almost everywhere with me. The funny thing is, even with all the use its had, coming to a conclusion about it has still not been as simple a process as it could have been…

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Petri Color 35 Review

When I began using this camera, there was something that cropped up that somewhat hindered my thought process about the direction this post was going to go. What I found was that whatever my personal feelings toward one of its features, I could also so readily see the opposing opinion. I find this more and more when I’m writing about cameras, especially with older cameras like this – and with good reason. Unlike many modern cameras that seem genuinely functionally flawed, with many of these older cameras, where features might not be perfect for the individual, they are also so simplistic, it’s easy to see the appeal – especially when they are part of such a well functioning whole. In the context of he Petri Color 35, the feature I’m talking about is its focusing system.

Focusing the Petri Color 35

The best place to start in describing the Petri Color 35’s focusing system is with the fact that it has a collapsible lens. There is a wheel on the top back of the camera that you can control with your forefinger when you have the camera to your eye. Winding this wheel first moves the lens from its collapsed position into its shooting position. Once into the shooting position the wheel then becomes the method for which the camera is focused.

_DSC6068

When looking through the viewfinder correct focus is obtained by reading a scale visible at the bottom of the viewfinder. A small needle moves back and forth as the wheel is turned, pointing at the distance the lens is focused to.

Basic & intuitive, yet limiting and frustrating.

The wheel turns in the same direction as the needle moves, and the amount the needle responds to movement in the wheel seems just right. Inside the viewfinder distances are displayed in both feet and meters with scale diagrams of a persons head, a group of people and some mountains to help you on your way too. Because of this, with the camera to your eye, it feels incredibly intuitive to use.

So what’s the problem then? Well, whilst it is quite an elegant solution to the problem of focusing, it’s not going to suit everyone. The main issue with the way the Petri Color 35 is focused is that this scale only visible through its viewfinder – there are no distance marks on the lens. There is also no way of telling the depth of field at a glance since even in the viewfinder, the needle only points at the focused distance, it doesn’t indicate depth of field.

As such, for people who are good at judging distance and like or don’t mind focusing a camera shot-by-shot with the camera to their eye, this system is going to be fine. Though, as someone who quite often likes to frame a photo at the very last moment, pre-focusing using a depth of field scale first, it can feel a little limiting – and for some reason, quite difficult.

Petri Color 35There have been a few shots I’ve missed focus, as in the shot above my estimation of distance at the point of shooting was clearly wrong. I suffer this problem far less when I have a depth of field markings to help me on my way.

A counterpoint to my own issue

Of course I can quite readily argue with myself here and suggest that all you need to do is remember the distance you focused for the last shot between each shot. Combined with a little knowledge of the depth of field at various apertures at various distances with a 40mm lens, you could probably snap away. For example, just like with both the Rollei 35se and Olympus 35rc, you can set it to f11, focus to 5 meters and shoot away happy in the knowledge you have everything from 2.25m to infinity in focus. And in fact, since the shutter speed dial only goes up to 1/250th, if you are like me and shoot a lot of 400iso even in summer, you might well be happy at f16 too. f/16 gives depth of field of 1.5m to infinity at around 3.00 meters. So, for most sunny-daytime shooting it can be focused once using the scale in the viewfinder and then all but forgotten about. You could also print off this page of the manual if you so desired IMG_1523 The full manual where I took that screen grab from is also available here on Butkus.org The problem is with zone focusing the camera – beyond of course the necessity to be able to remember a lot of numbers or carry a bit of paper (or phone app) around with you – is that actually, this camera doesn’t feel like it’s designed to be used this way when you take into account the way the meter and shutter/aperture controls work… Let me explain…

The shutter, aperture and light meter

Just like the focusing system, the shutter and aperture controls are quite simple in their design and elegant in their function. The shutter dial that hangs over the front of the camera is clicked between its B, 15, 30, 60, 125 & 250 settings – it is also perhaps a little stiff to rotate. The aperture control that hangs over the back of the camera and sits under the thumb, is click-less, and rotates with ease. _DSC6066 The light meter is a needle based meter that swings up and down on the right hand side of the viewfinder. It gives a logical up-is-over/down-is-under readout, and whilst it is a little limited in its range with it only working down to 7ev, that’s to be expected of a camera of this age.

Shooting by design

What’s most interesting about these features though is how that when you start to use them, you almost feel as though you are being nudged into using the camera in a specific way – perhaps indeed, the way it was designed to be used. Since the aperture is un-clicked, and since the shutter speed dial is slightly stiff and has so few speeds, there is a sense that the easiest method of selection of correct exposure value when the camera is to the eye is via the aperture control. Because the camera is focused with the camera also to the eye, and by distance not zone, adjusting the aperture is less likely to cause detriment to the outcome than adjusting the shutter speed. What I mean by this is whatever the aperture is set to, the focused subject will be in focus – at very least at the point of chosen focus distance. By trying to change the shutter speed with the camera to the eye – with the shutter speeds not being visible in the viewfinder – there is a danger an inappropriate speed might be selected by accident.  

Manual, shutter priority

In short, what I am getting at is that this camera feels like its designed to be used almost like it’s a shutter priority camera. Petri Color 35

Take this photo of a building. I was outside and it was reasonably bright. I’ve got 400iso film inside. Because of this before I put the camera to my eye I decide on a faster shutter speed. I set the camera to 1/250th, the put the camera to my eye. I adjust the camera to get correct exposure by adjusting the aperture so the meter needle sits in the centre. I then focus to between 5m and infinity, then reframe and shoot. My actual shot aperture didn’t matter that much, I know it’s going to be small because it’s bright enough, and since I’m focusing at a distance, I know my depth of field is going to be adequate for my subject.

Petri Color 35Another very different example of shooting like this is this shot of Connie in my lounge. I knew I was shooting indoors so light is a factor, but I also knew I was shooting a Connie – a subject that has potential to move – so 1/60th is about the safest balance. I also have in the back of my mind that because I’m in quite close proximity to Connie, the smaller the aperture the better chance of getting focus – a slightly slower shutter speed will aid that if I can get away with it. I put the camera to my eye set my focus distance, metered off the sofa using the aperture control, the took the shot. Now obviously the camera is fully manual so it’s not really shutter priority, but this process of set shutter, then let the aperture be chosen by the light just feels the right way to use it. Even outside of this way of shooting though, it is enormously intuitive to work with. Since the controls are sat on top of the camera and are next to each other, they can be seen together and understood in a glance. Additionally to this, changing setting reciprocally is very easy. The shutter and aperture dials turn in opposite directions and are joined by a little line between them that points at the selected setting. If you looked through the viewfinder, took a reading, then after looking at the top of the camera decided the settings weren’t as you wished, finding that appropriate different reciprocal settings is very easy indeed!

The split in my own opinion

As you might have gathered, this all presents me with somewhat of a split in my own opinion. One half of me sees a quite ingenious and very intuitive focusing system that’s married with a metering and exposure system that compliments it perfectly to make a camera that just seems to make sense in use. The other half of me then sees a focusing system that sits somewhere between the two methods of focusing I ordinarily enjoy, and as such presents me with something that I don’t entirely gel with. The fact is though, beyond my own preferences, the only objective flaws I could find with the Petri Color 35 are a tiny bit of play in the focusing wheel, and that sometimes I catch my eyebrow hair between the wheel and my finger – and the latter could just as easily be an issue with my face, rather than the camera. I find all this a frustrating reality that leaves me feeling not quite as positive about this camera as I feel it deserves me to be… I love the way it works, it just seems to function perfectly as a whole, it’s just not quite perfect for how I personally prefer to shoot. Petri Color 35

The biggest issue really being that I am actually not all that good with it! The above photo, though isn’t that big a failure in the end, wasn’t supposed to look that way. I’d not intended the point of focus to be so close to me, nor had I wanted such a narrow depth of field.

This frustration is compounded even further by the fact that even beyond the positive attributes I have so far described, the Petri Color 35 is a also really nice camera to hold and to use.

A tactile pleasure

I guess I might have portrayed a certain level of distrust in the build of this camera when I previously spoke about the part of it that I managed to wiggle off whilst fiddling with it in my pocket? Well, there’s a good reason I was playing with it in my pocket – it just feels so good to play with! (I’m talking about the camera….! Get that mind out the bin…!).

Everything about this little camera feels solid, and that’s especially the case when it’s compared to the Rollei 35SE which feels somewhat thin and easy to dent by comparison. The Petri Color 35 feels like the metal it’s made of is thick and could take a bash or two. The same can be said of the mechanics of the thing – the film advance/shutter cock feels mechanically precise and satisfying to use. The only part of my Color 35 that feels anything but precise is the focus wheel which as mentioned has a tiny amount of play in it. Everything else – even the bit I fixed after it fell of – feels well made.

If I had one criticism of how it feels in the hand, it would only be a slight one. Because of its small size, it can feel ever so slightly clumsy to use – a little like the controls aren’t quite in the most ideal place. The best example of this is the aforementioned focusing wheel being a little to close to my eyebrow, but the shutter and aperture controls also feel slightly clumsily positioned when the camera is to the eye too. Of course, this is mostly down to the fact that it’s a tiny camera, and for that reason I broadly forgive it!

The Lens

Of course all this meandering rambling would be completely irrelevant if it didn’t take good photos. But of course, it does take perfectly good photos… I must admit to not being quite as bowled over by them as I was with the Rollei, though by all accounts this was to be expected.

The Rollei lens has a certain charm that’s befitting of its age, yet somehow manages to also take remarkably sharp and quite contrasty images. It’s a little like a vintage Leica lens in that respect – sometimes you can get caught out by flare, but for the most part its very impressive indeed. The Petri Color 35 on the other hand, is definitely more showing of its age in the images. They aren’t as sharp or contrasty as those out of the Rollei, and there is definitely more of a fall off in sharpness toward the edges/corners.

That said though, I wasn’t disappointed. Rating a camera by its lens when compared to another camera known for having an exceptional lens is always going to end in some level of disappointment. But when judged it by its own merits, it is definitely a perfectly capable lens! See for yourself…

Petri Color 35

Petri Color 35

Petri Color 35

Petri Color 35

Petri Color 35Petri Color 35

Petri Color 35Petri Color 35

Petri Color 35

In conclusion

Whilst writing about the Petri Color 35 it feels a little like I’ve been overly harsh on it – and that actually I could have been just as negative about the Rollei 35SE. After all, the Rollei is a camera that relies entirely on zone focusing and doesn’t even have any focus confirmation in the viewfinder. The difference is, I like zone focusing, and Rollei reminded me of this fact in a very pleasing way. The Petri Color 35 feels like it’s going to remind me that I like zone focusing, but then doesn’t really give me an easy way to do it. I also like rangefinders, and am quite happy focusing a camera to my eye with one. But the Petri’s to-the-eye method of focusing doesn’t quite give me what I’m looking for either. In short, somehow the Petri’s focusing system seems to just sit between the two methods of focusing I enjoy in a slightly uncomfortable way.

Deserving of respect

Of course, not everything about the Petri Color 35 leaves me with such mixed or negative feelings. If you do gel with the focusing system, then there really is quite a lot else to also get excited about. It’s small, it might be a little fiddly, but feels like a solid bit of kit that could take much more of a serious bashing than any Rollei 35 could. It also takes great photos, that perhaps to the picky might not be up there with that of the Rollei’s Sonnar, but are still pretty good if you ask me.

So will it replace the my Rollie 35SE as my choice fully manual pocket camera? Well, no I do prefer the Rollei, for all its eccentricities, it’s just a more enticing camera to use. But, if you asked me if I thought my comments should make you think twice about trying a Petri Color 35, I’d also say no! For the £50(ish) they can be picked up for they are superb little cameras that go beyond the great photos they take and give you a real sense of near perfect design in use (even if like me you don’t quite gel with how it works).

Cheers for reading

Hamish

 


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14 Comments

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Blinx
    September 6, 2015 at 3:18 am

    I’ve flirted with symbol focus cameras over the years, and have been putting film through a Konica C35 EF3 recently. The problem for anyone coming from a distance scale camera is the symbols can be ambiguous, as we don’t perceive our closer compositions as being head-and-shoulders, or whatever the pictogram shows. The Konica has a distance scale on the underside of the lens, and I find myself turning it over rather than use the symbols.

    After a few years using old folding cameras I’d become quite adept at nailing distance even at wide apertures, so the visual aids got in the way. I don’t miss a rangefinder and the extra cost and complexity they add, but a good distance scale is priceless on a compact camera.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      September 6, 2015 at 7:05 am

      That’s the silly thing. It has distances – meters and feet. But for some reason with them being in the viewfinder and not having depth of field markings I’m thrown.
      In short, I definitely agree with your last sentiment. For me a proper distance scale with depth of field markings is essential for me to get repeatable results – at least without a new learning curve

  • Avatar
    Reply
    marco north
    September 6, 2015 at 7:00 am

    a very fair, informed and blanked review. I really appreciate the way you share all of your thoughts in this, without pulling any punches. That said, this lens and system really does have a specific feel to them – at the end of the day, I think this camera offers some little curious spark.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      September 6, 2015 at 7:09 am

      Cheers Marco

  • Avatar
    Reply
    marco north
    September 6, 2015 at 7:01 am

    I meant balanced not blanked. damn auto-correct!

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      September 6, 2015 at 7:09 am

      I knew what you meant 😉

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Ray
    September 7, 2015 at 3:06 pm

    Interesting Hamish. Looking back, I nearly always used fully manual cameras in the ‘shutter speed priority’ manner you describe. Thought nearly everybody did to be honest. I was always a bit surprised that, when semi-automation came in, Canon were the only (? dangerous word) manufacturers to offer shutter speed priority whilst all the others went for aperture priority on their slrs. I seem to remember being much more concerned about movement than depth of field spoiling my shots back then. Of course, if Connies came with pause and mute buttons we wouldn’t have to worry nearly so much.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      September 7, 2015 at 5:02 pm

      Yeah, I do wonder what or when the depth of field priority mentality started. There must have been an influencer; someone or a wider group of people that popularised narrow depth of field and ‘bokeh’ derived look…
      It’s interesting how these collective creative desires are reflected in the basic function of a camera too. And even, I suppose, how that I – as a product of my time – find a camera working this way odd enough that I need to go to the pains I have of explaining it

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Christos Theofilogiannakos
    October 16, 2015 at 6:35 am

    Ah! If I had come across your review one year earlier I might have escaped the trouble of finding a working Color 35, getting hugely disappointed by the silly focusing system, then selling it again on eBay with a small loss. What were they thinking depriving the lens of distance marks? For me viewfinder / scale-focusing cameras are all about stealthy, fast street photography. They MUST enable you to prepare everything in advance and only bring the camera to your eye to frame and take the shot as quickly as possible. Having a fully automatic exposure system is a bonus of course, but some people prefer manual exposure to avoid nasty surprises from old autoexposure systems, or simply to control DOF at will (like I do). I want to be able to calculate everything (exposure, focusing, DOF) at waist level, then only bring the camera up at the last moment to frame and shoot. The collapsing lens on the Color 35 is just a gimmick (it doesn’t really save any space for a camera that is already quite chunky as it is) that deprives the camera of the most basic feature a zone-focus camera MUST have. The Rollei has it, the Trip 35 has it, my Hi-Matic G has it, my CX-1 has it, even the XA which doesn’t even have a lens barrel has it! I didn’t even give the lens a second chance, I sold it without shooting a single frame with it. Terrible user interface aside, the camera is extremely beautiful, quite possibly the best-looking vintage japanese compact 35mm camera (the early Voigtlander Vito B holds the world title in this respect) and a true marvel of enginnering (the ability to reciprocally adjust aperture and shutter speed to maintain correct exposure is plain genious and was copied by Nikon on a much later SLR model).

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      October 16, 2015 at 7:06 am

      Yes indeed! I do find it odd that so many times on the Internet the “this is what the Rollei 35 should have been” idea is repeated. Each to their own I suppose, but I really struggle to see how the rollei is anything other than a superior camera.

      • Avatar
        Reply
        Christos Theofilogiannakos
        October 16, 2015 at 9:38 am

        The Rollei 35 (esp. the original model) is superbly designed. The meter readout is placed on the top ( I think the SE has LEDs in the viewfinder?) which is just great to set exposure before framing and shooting and even the film advance placed on the left helps in that respect. Other than the thin top plate metal, the Rollei is hugely superior to the Petri as a user camera.

        • Avatar
          Reply
          Hamish Gill
          October 16, 2015 at 3:59 pm

          Yes the SE is in the finder, see here. It works very well in its own right though… and to be fair to it, the meters in that sort of camera are little more than a bit of passing reassurance in my books

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Casual Camera Human
    September 25, 2018 at 10:27 pm

    I need to offer some constructive criticism. The article is appreciated, but the author took about 7 paragraphs of talking to himself to start the review of this camera. The ideas would majorly benefit from being presented in a much shorter, clearer and more concise fashion. It was frustrating to get through – thorough, but poorly presented.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      September 25, 2018 at 10:52 pm

      Noted, but this website always has been and always will be a blog. This sort of context might not suit everyone, but it’s so much part of the fabric of the site I encourage it in all of the people of write for me.
      If you prefer more professional style of writing you might try the website “casual photophile” – noting your pseudonym, it seems even more of an appropriate recommendation.

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