Scale Focus

A 1932 Leica Standard Review, and some thoughts around the Benefits of Standardisation

The Leica Standard, or Model E as it’s also known, was brought to market by Leitz in 1932, and with minor tweaks to its design, its production continued into the late 1940s. As such, it ran contemporary to other lots of models that had coupled rangefinders and other more advanced features, so by comparison, it was very much the stripped-back basic model. It is simply a box with a shutter, a viewfinder, an accessory shoe and a standardised Leica thread mount that takes 135 35mm film cartridges. And that is exactly why I like it so much!

I have two thread mount Leica cameras in my collection – a very early production Standard and the IIIa. The IIIa was my first, the Standard came a few years later. I like the IIIa a lot – it’s a little gem of a camera – but in some ways it could be described as inferior to other Leica cameras. Some might argue the case for the closer rangefinder-to-viewfinder that the IIIb brought to the table for example, and of course, the later M-series Leica cameras are often thought of as being broadly “better” cameras than all of the thread mount cameras that came before. I’m not saying that’s what I believe, but the point is, it is possible to question the IIIa relative to other cameras from the brand.

Now, I hope that at least my regular readers will know that this isn’t the mentality I apply to cameras. Upgrades and more features are not what I aspire to with my cameras. I like a balance of features that work well for me without having anything superfluous to get in the way. Actually, to a point, this is why I like the IIIa – to me the later thread mount Leica cameras feel slightly cluttered with features I don’t need. The IIIa has the built in rangefinder as well as the slow speed dial and 1/1000th high speed. To me, it’s almost the peak of the basic and best features of the Leica thread mount designs. Despite this, when I was using my IIIa prior to owning my Leica Standard, I found myself not even using some the features it brought to the table.

As such, rather than compare my IIIa to cameras with more features, I began to wonder about how a similar camera with less features might work for me. I began to think that a more stripped-back thread mount Leica might suit me even better.

Leica Standard

Finding my Leica Standard

Actually, when I started the search for this stripped-back Leica thread mount camera, I didn’t have something as old as my particular Standard in mind. In fact, to begin with – short of having seen pictures of a Leica without a a rangefinder – I didn’t know what the Leica Standard was. When I found out, and discovered it was precisely what I was looking for, I still didn’t intend to buy one that’s quite as old as mine would turn out to be.

Choosing a Leica Standard (in the dark)

I suspect I’m not the only one to find the early Leica product nomenclature confusing. The naming conventions seemed to change a little over the years, so for example a Leica III is also a Leica (model F) and sometimes called a III(F). This is fine until you discover that the Leica IIIf is a different camera that came some years later. Actually, once you get your head around it, it’s quite easy – or at least easy enough – it just takes a bit of reading and digging to get to the bottom of.

What makes things confusing when looking at the Leica Standard is that it’s also known as the Leica (Model E), Leica E, Leica Standard (Model E) or any other way people seem to deem it fit to use those combination of letters and words. Additionally, it was incrementally tweaked between its release in 1932 and when it was replaced by the Leica Ic in the late 40s. So when you search for different combinations of the letters and words in its name, you can find yourself with pictures of cameras that look slightly different.

To make things even more confusing, the camera that came before the Standard, the I (Model C) looks just like the very early Standard but doesn’t have the Standard lens mount. Additionally, the Leica I (Model C) shouldn’t be confused with the Leica Ic which looks quite similar to the very late Leica Standard, but came after it, and didn’t have the built in offset viewfinder.

Confused yet? It doesn’t matter, all you really need to know is that the Leica Standard was made for a number of years and had changes made to its design throughout the production run. What you also need to know – at least for the sake of this post – is that I didn’t really have a grasp of this when I bought my Leica Standard. I just found one I liked the look of on Red Dot cameras for a price that I was willing to pay, and bought it. It was only once I got it and realised how old it was that I decided that I should do some proper digging.

My very old Leica Standard

My Leica Standard has the serial number 101777, this means it part of the first production run of 5000 Leica Standard cameras. In fact, with the serial numbers of this model starting at 101001, mine is a fairly early model from this first run. Since Red Dot cameras know what they’re doing when it comes to valuing cameras, and I didn’t pay a premium for this camera, as far as I can work out, this doesn’t make it any more special or collectible, it just means it’s old. I shall come to what this means in use later…

Leica Standard

s/n: 101777

Leica Standard variants and specifications

I’m not going to go into all the details here, mainly because through the nominal amount of digging I did, I probably didn’t accrue the encyclopaedic knowledge required to do every variation of Leica Standard complete justice. Also, as with most of the minutiae of detail when it comes to camera history, I don’t think a lot of it really matters that much in use.

Essentially, all you need to know is that early Leica Standards were black, and for the most part later ones were chrome, with some crossover in the middle. Early Leica Standards were made without strap lugs, the later version that was based on the slightly bigger die cast body of the Leica IIIc (and later cameras) had strap lugs and a blanking plate over where the slow speed dial would have been.

Leica Standard

As far as I can tell, all Leica Standards have a top speed of 1/500th and don’t have a slow speed dial. They also all have a frame counter around the film advance, an accessory shoe that’s directly above the lens mount and a slightly offset 50mm viewfinder.

Leica Standard

Like all thread mount Leica cameras they’re bottom loading and don’t have a flip open back, which means trimming the leader is fairly essential to ensure the film is loaded properly.

Leica Standard

Standard lens mount

Something I did know about the Leica Standard before I bought one is that it also has Leica’s standardised “Leica Thread Mount” also know as “Leica Screw Mount” and abbreviated to “LTM” and “LSM”. Once this mount was properly standardised by Leica it has a flange back distance of 28.8mm. This standard FBD was introduced to allow the interchanging of different lenses. Prior to the Leica II (Model D) and the Leica Standard, Leica cameras either had fixed lenses, or had to have their lenses matched to the body to ensure correct focusing.

As you might know, this standardised “LTM” thread mount remained unchanged by Leica until they switched to the m-mount in the 50’s – in fact, even since the they have sometimes made special edition LTM lenses. There are also stacks of other brands that adopted the mount after WWii when Leica’s designs were made available to be copied as part of German reparations. It was also eventually re-adopted by Cosina Voigtlander in 1999. This means that, short of a few foibles of camera manufacturing history – such as the Russians not quite matching the flange back distance in their copies, and the use of a metric M39 thread which is sometimes incompatible with the Leica imperial thread – there are a hell of a lot of Leica thread mount lenses that will fit on the Leica Standard (and all the other LTM cameras).

Leica Standard

The zero at the top of the mount indicates that it is the standardised FBD

Voigtlander 28mm f/3.5 Color-Skopar on leica standard

The genius of Kodak

This wasn’t the only standardisation that came about in favour of these early Leica cameras. Whilst Leica were largely responsible for popularising the use of 35mm film in stills cameras, back in the days of the earliest Leica thread mount cameras, the Kodak 135 cartridge didn’t exist. In fact, my Leica Standard predates the 135 format by two years. Prior to the introduction of the 135 format, this camera would have been used with film cartridges that were loaded with film by the user. When Kodak introduced the daylight loading 135 format alongside its Retina camera in 1934 they were smart enough to design the cartridge so it could also be used in the Leica and Contax cameras of the day, and with the 135 format not changing in shape in all the years since, modern 35mm film drops straight in – all be it with a little trim to the leader.

Just for the sake of completeness, some very early Leica Cameras have a slightly larger bit of metal where the film slots in that can make loading the cartridge slightly harder. As I understand it, this can be modified, though I have still managed to load a standard 135 cartridge into one of these older cameras – more on that story another day.

Shooting my early Leica Standard

Perhaps as a product of this age, or for the fact that it was an earlier, possibly less refined build, mechanically it feels quite different to my IIIa – it feels more loose, and less precise. In use, this doesn’t seem to make much difference – there’s just a little bit of give in the dials and knobs that makes it feel mechanically slightly less than perfect. If you’re thinking about buying one of these cameras, and you want a greater sense of mechanical perfection, it might just be wise to look for a slightly later version than mine.

For me, this isn’t a problem, and of course, it has little bearing on the pictures – in fact none that I noticed. The last time I shared some pictures taken with this camera is was pointed out to me that the shutter curtains might not be running quite evenly causing the right hand edge of the frame to be slightly darker. This might be the case, but it’s hardly noticeable, doesn’t seem to happen often, and is nothing a service wouldn’t fix.

College

More importantly, as I’ve alluded to, the slightly less than perfect mechanical feel has very little bearing on the process of taking photos. In fact, in use – like all great cameras – I’m not really aware of it at all. It’s one of those cameras that suits me so well, it has that rare ability to completely disappear.

Leica Standard & 50mm Elmar

Leica Standard & 50mm Elmar

Leica Standard & 50mm Elmar

Leica Standard & 50mm Elmar

Leica Standard & 50mm Elmar

Leica Standard & 50mm Elmar

The end of the downgrade path

What makes the Leica Standard really special though is that it’s not just any stripped-back camera, it’s a stripped-back very early Leica. As mentioned, the early Leica cameras were the first to really popularise the use of 35mm film, and for all that I’m not really that fussed about the history of these things, it’s hard not to acknowledge that this camera is a de-specified version of one of the very first 35mm format cameras.

As such, it feels almost impossible to shoot a 35mm camera that’s less specified than this, and therefore it also feels almost impossible that anything about it could be improved in the context of what it offers to me. That might sound a bit odd when talking about a camera that by design has less features than others, but it really does come down to the choice I make when I set out to use it.

When I pick it up, I’m not expecting any of the bells and whistles, I’m just expecting a shutter in a box that I can attach a lens to… and that’s all I get; nothing superfluous, no unused features, just tool that feels like it’s perfect for the chosen task at hand. That is to say, despite its age and its simplicity, it just functions – for the way I shoot it, it does exactly what I need it to.

There are admittedly a few camera I can say this about in my collection now – just none are even as close to as old as this one. The beauty of it is though, it’s age doesn’t really matter. Because it has the standardised lens mount, and takes the standard 135 film cartridge, I can still mount my modern Voigtlander lenses on it and load it with modern film. Using this camera from 1932, if I so desired, I could get results that look no different to results from a very much more modern 35mm film camera. And that, as I said at the beginning of this post, is why I love my Leica Standard!

 

If you want to learn a bit more about the different early Leica models, this and this are quite helpful
Here is a post I wrote a while ago extolling the virtues of early Leica cameras in general

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26 Comments

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Hank
    January 14, 2019 at 4:39 pm

    Great to see folks shooting these old, yet very reliable, cameras! I have a 1950 IIIc and a Ic that’s been updated at some point to a Iid. They are pretty much the only cameras I am shooting with right now. They feel great in the hand, or in the jacket pocket, and although “basic”, still get the job done. In fact, after shooting with the I/IId for a while, the IIIc seems downright modern!
    The Voigtlander 28/3.5 and your standard would be a killer combo. Enjoy!

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 14, 2019 at 8:20 pm

      Cheers! If you’d like to share some of your experiences on the blog, I would be very happy to share them!

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Geoffrey Rivett
    January 14, 2019 at 5:41 pm

    Though I use M2/3 Leicas, 50 years ago I taught my son photography on a Leica older than yours – 1928/9 vintage with a permanently attached lens. Of course the standard is not a stripped back Leica, it is a Leica before innovations such as rangefinders were added. My early one has gone to Gus Lazzarri in the US for a CLA. Not many people have a track record so his waiting list approaches 6 months!

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 14, 2019 at 8:18 pm

      That’s the thing, it is a stripped back Leica – it came after (or at least at the same time as) the II (Model D) which had a rangefinder. It’s the I (Model C) that came before (and looks the same as) the Standard (Model E) that was the first with an interchangeable lens. Since its production ran concurrently to loads of other models that followed, it then remained the stripped-back version until the Ic.

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Kier
    January 14, 2019 at 5:43 pm

    Absolutely brilliant post and shots par excellence Thank you for sharing with us

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 14, 2019 at 8:22 pm

      Thank you very much!!

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Adam Laws
    January 14, 2019 at 7:45 pm

    This is seriously GAS inducing – must walk away from my laptop now.

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Tobias
    January 14, 2019 at 8:44 pm

    Very exciting write up as I have one of these myself. Incredibly, I just checked, mine is serial number 101742! There are only 34 camera’s between mine and yours, made some 87 years ago. I got mine from the first owner who’s father had bought it new. It is still in like new condition, including the accessory rangefinder and leather case. It needs a CLA though, which It will get sometime soon. Yours looks fantastic with the brassing and I love that Voigtländer lens and finder on it, just perfect. Thanks Hamish, keep it up!

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 15, 2019 at 8:46 am

      That’s amazing! I’d love to see some pictures of it! What’s up with it that means it needs a CLA?

      • Avatar
        Reply
        Tobias
        January 15, 2019 at 10:49 am

        The shutter isn’t firing the way it should. Feels like dried out grease. I’ll send you a pic on facebook.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Daniel Fjäll
      January 16, 2019 at 10:16 am

      It would indeed be nice to see some pictures.

      • Avatar
        Reply
        Hamish Gill
        January 21, 2019 at 9:27 pm

        Can you not see the pictures?

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Alex Morrice
    January 14, 2019 at 10:59 pm

    I know this isn’t the point of the article, but I really enjoyed seeing the frosty Renault 5 Campus. Brought back memories of my first car, it was even the same colour. I’ll never own a Leica though.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 15, 2019 at 7:55 am

      Yeah, my Nan has one. She was a terrible driver and it had war wounds to prove it. This one was much cleaner – though I can’t imagine the joys of trying to drive such an old car. My 15 year old a3 is bad enough

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Quinn R.
    January 15, 2019 at 6:11 am

    I just recently found my grandfather’s Leica Standard while digging through some of his old stuff. The lens is a bit scratched up, but everything else is in pretty decent condition! I can’t wait to test it out! Although, I’m not entirely sure how you focus through a viewfinder only…

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Rollin Banderob
    January 15, 2019 at 2:57 pm

    Having never handled one of these how heavy in the hand do they feel? Like a metal SLR? Less?

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 21, 2019 at 9:35 pm

      Small and solid, they aren’t heavy, but do feel dense!

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Tony Oresteen
    January 15, 2019 at 9:33 pm

    The Leica Standard has been on my list for years but my If works just as well. The If is just an updated Standard in a slightly large body with no rangefinder/ viewfinder. My 15mm Voigtlander lens stays on it full time. The advantage of the If is that it can use the trigger wind Leicavit which I love.

    Simplicity can follow to the SLR world. I’ve used a Pentax SL since 1978. It has no light meter – a box with a shutter. I’ve been known to wander about with the SL & the If and enjoy using them.

    Great article! Your photos prove you don’t need a 30MP FF DSLR with 17 metering modes. Well done.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 21, 2019 at 9:34 pm

      Thanks Tony! I prefer my cameras with at least 25 metering modes really … this is all just a ruse 😉

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Terry B
    January 15, 2019 at 10:19 pm

    Hi, Hamish. Thanks for sharing your thoughts and experience with this camera.
    I vowed that I didn’t need another Leica, but last year I succumbed and bought a 1c with the f3.5/50 Elmar and the Leitz 50mm v/f to add to my collection. The body is unusual in that it’s covered in shark skin, which is rough to the touch, but which makes it surprisingly grippy.
    Your readers will see that it has no v/f, only two accessory shoes, normally intended for a v/f and a vertical mounted r/f, or even two v/fs. Happily, it can mount the 3D printed v/f featured featured on your site last year along with an original Leitz model. Certainly, holding this camera is quite different to my IIIf’s. Anyway, enough of this preamble and back to your article.
    The naming of early Leica’s using the sequence of capital letters is, as I understand it, down to the US importer and distributor of Leica cameras and who thought that the Leitz naming sequence gave little to no information about the time when a camera was released i.e. which was the latest model, especially as many looked surprisingly similar.
    You referenced the reloadable cassettes, very useful for bulk loading of film even after Kodak introduced the daylight cassette. A big advantage of the Leitz (and Contax equivalent) is that they have no felt light trap. The key on the baseplate opens the cassette as it is turned to lock the baseplate. This causes the inner and outer shells to rotate relative to each other and exposes a gap through which the film is drawn as the camera is wound on. So no possibility of a film being scratched in either direction. Be careful when looking for them as there are two versions which look very similar, but one is for screw Leica’s and the other for M.

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 21, 2019 at 9:33 pm

      Thanks Terry!
      That’s really interesting about the naming conventions – I’d argue they made it more complicated, mind..

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Lilianna Elrod
    January 17, 2019 at 9:38 pm

    “It’s one of those cameras that suits me so well, it has that rare ability to completely disappear.”
    I love that sentiment.
    And I have experienced it as well.
    Lovely shots and great article!

    • Avatar
      Reply
      Hamish Gill
      January 21, 2019 at 9:26 pm

      Thanks Lilianna! 🙂

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Roger Beal
    January 19, 2019 at 12:47 am

    A most interesting review. I’ve never seen a Standard let alone shot one. This camera (with a 3.5 Elmar or maybe a good Industar-50 copy) looks to be a pleasure to shoot, for the same reasons that the Bolsey B2 was back in the late 1950s: Straightforward, compact, simple, reliable. If you landed your Standard in good working order under $600, you’ve got a prize!

  • Reply
    The Leica TL - finding joy in very limited function and purpose - 35mmc
    March 26, 2019 at 2:00 pm

    […] But actually, aside from the finances of it all, this combination of low cost and ultra-simplistic stripped back function that’s only really suitable for one type of photography has left me with what feels like a quite compelling camera. When I pick it up, I know it’s function is very limited, but as is often the case with me and my cameras, that’s exactly where I find the appeal! In fact, funnily enough, going out shooting it comes from a similar place mentally to going out shooting another stopped back camera I enjoy: my Leica Standard. […]

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