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The Challenges (and Joys) of Travelling with Film – Reflections on Vanuatu – By Ali MC

People often ask me at presentations and tutorials: ‘what are some the challenges of travelling with film?’ To be honest, after emerging from 262 cumulative days in the world’s longest lockdown in my home city of Melbourne, Australia, I’ve almost forgotten.

Fortunately, the world is beginning to open back up to travel again – especially for us in Australia, who have suffered the strictest travel restrictions in recent times bar North Korea (and that’s no joke).

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Held every year around the same time, the three-day festival celebrates the Yam harvest season, a staple of the Vanuatuan diet. Here, a man demonstrates sand drawing techniques.

In anticipation of a new expedition, I dug out photographs from one of my last pre-pandemic trips to the islands of Vanuatu to reflect on analogue travel photography. In this particular trip I ventured to the volcanic islands of Ambrym, Tana and Malekula, and while admittedly I spent large amounts of that time hiking volcanoes, snorkelling with dugongs and drinking the local kava, I still managed to shoot a few rolls of Kodak T-Max. Having travelled with film for many years and to various continents, below are five tips I can offer from experience and in anticipation of future analogue travel projects.

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Central to the festival is the Rom dance, a highly significant aspect of Ambrym culture, combining complex moves, singing, costume, and masks. Each mask has a particular pattern, which signifies the wearer’s status in the village.

1. What’s the deal with airport x-rays and film?

This is always the first question I am asked by film photographers – do airport x-rays damage film? All I can say is, in my experience, I have never had that happen.

However, in saying that, I always make an effort to ensure my film does not go through x-ray machines if possible.

How to do that? Show up very early to the airport, be very polite and be prepared to be patient. Becoming angry or demanding will get you nowhere and a smile will open doors every time.

Often airport staff will be very interested in your film camera, and what could be a better way to spend the additional pre-flight time than having a double-sided conversation in English and Farsi about the merits of 35mm film which neither party can really understand?

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The annual Yam and Magic Ceremony on the island of Ambrym, Vanuatu. The ceremony showcases Ambrym’s culture; a display of exciting dances, the beating of tam tams (wooden log drums), the call of a conch shell, stories, song and a display of magic.

2. Carry on or check in?

This is another quandary – to store your film in carry on or check in luggage? Ostensibly, there are various theories about which will be less likely to possibly be damaged by x-rays. Again, I have no conclusive advice on this. However! I have learnt over time to keep my camera and film on me at all times, including in carry-on luggage.

Why? Here’s a story….

Readers of 35mmc may recall some time ago I posted some photos from a trip to Iran. This was an expedition I had been planning meticulously in order to shoot 30 rolls of film in 30 days to publish a book (which I am still working on 2 years later!)

I had read online that placing film in check in baggage reduced the risk of x-ray damage and, as I had changeovers in Brunei, Dubai and Muscat before arriving in Tehran, I thought I would give this a go. I meticulously packed my film in my check-in luggage and watched it disappear down the conveyer belt in Melbourne airport…

…only to watch it not appear in Dubai.

Inquiries are made. Cigarette’s are smoked in nervous anticipation. A couple of hours go by. Finally, a message from the missing luggage desk – ‘your bag has been halted in Brunei due to a search of its contents required. Suspicious items.’ This suspicious items were of course my 30 rolls of film.

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A market on the island of Malekula. Prior to independence, Vanuatu was dually colonised by the French and British. As, such, both languages are spoken along with numerous indigenous languages, with Malekula being a French-speaking island.

A sinking feeling of dread overcame me as I taxi’d to my now enforced layover of two days in Dubai while I waited for my bag to be cleared and finally arrive.

Would Brunei customs pop each film canister and unravel all the film in a wild search for drugs?
Would they simply throw it all out?
What if I can’t purchase any more film to complete my project?

After many international phone calls in various languages, I was finally able to get my bag delivered to Dubai and pick it up an hour before my Tehran flight. Thankfully, the film itself was not damaged  and I was able to complete the project in Iran (book is still to come!)

The moral of the story? Keep your film and camera on you at all times.

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Like most of Vanuatu, the land in Malekula is divided up between the families, and gardens are planted growing a wide variety of fruits and vegetables: bananas, coconuts, island cabbage, yam and manioc.

3. Safe film storage while on the road

I know people can be quite astute about the temperature film should be optimally stored in. I‘m not one of them. Yes, if at home I will keep my film in the freezer. While on the road, I don’t really care.

Firstly, where I travel there are rarely hotel fridges (or hotels for that matter). Second, if I did store my film in a hotel fridge I would likely check out with a wild hangover or in an opioid daze and forget my film entirely.

Third, I figure that for decades, photojournalists were carting film to various tropical war-zones without adequate storage and still managed some of the best images of that 20th Century – so probably not worth worrying too much about.

However, one recommendation I can make is to buy a watertight, sealable bag (like you would use to store items on a scuba-diving or boating trip). I keep everything in one of those, inside my bag as additional protection from damp, dust, humidity and sudden monsoonal rains.

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A child at the market in Malekula.

4. …but what if you lose your film or get robbed?

I figure if my film goes missing while overseas, that is just part of the risk. If you can leave home accepting that this might happen and there is nothing you can do about it, you will have a better time and enjoy the travel just as much as making the photographs.

Besides, with the amount of things that can – and do – go wrong for travellers overseas (including death) losing one’s film isn’t the worst thing that can happen.

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While villages all over Vanuatu are responding to tourism and outside influences in their own way, it is clear that kastom – the traditional ways of life – remain central. Plots of land have been passed down for generations, and equal distribution of land for gardens and animal farming means that every family in the village has the means to live comfortably, and ensures relative harmony amongst the village.

5. But don’t you find analogue photography limiting? Only 36 shots a day? Are you serious???

Yes, I know I could take thousands of photos as opposed to my measly 36 shots per day.

Yes, I know that a cheap digital camera can shoot at far higher ISOs.

Yes, I know that an SLR has super-fast eye-tracking auto focus at a gazillion frames per nano-second.

For me, analogue is a pursuit of Zen and I either get the shot in one or two attempts, or I don’t get it at all. Not only do I feel it makes me a better photographer, this approach also causes me to enjoy the travel more as I’m not worried about photographing and filming every moment of my trip – just the moments that really catch my eye.

While of course I enjoy photographing while travelling, I’m also really interested in the people, the food, the places, the music and the culture, and sometimes one just needs to sit back and absorb those elements without being distracted with photography or video or selfies. And often, it is in those moments that far more is learned about the people, place and culture, and that understanding will then translate back into far more nuanced photographs.

The Zen approach? Relax and just enjoy the trip, there is always another great analogue photo just around the corner.

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Yet big business is on its way, with investors reportedly offering large sums of money to buy land in villages on Tana Island in the south, which sits adjacent to exquisite beaches close to the word’s most accessible active volcano, Mount Yasur.

I hope you have enjoyed this selection from Vanuatu, which were shot on a Bessa R2A with a 1963 Jupiter 50mm lens on Kodak TMax 400.

A friendly, relaxed and beautifully dynamic country of beaches, villages and active volcanoes across more than 80 diverse islands, Vanuatu is certainly a destination to keep in mind as travel begins to open up again.

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22 thoughts on “The Challenges (and Joys) of Travelling with Film – Reflections on Vanuatu – By Ali MC”

  1. Oh Ali! I was groaning as you were describing your bags being held up by Brunei customs!!! And you’re right about the Zen of it all. I, however, am “guilty” of taking my Fuji digital when I travel, but I have managed to get myself in the “Zone,” and not get caught up in selfies or the other travel traps. Thanks for these amazing suggestions.

    1. Hi Safiyyah thanks for taking the time to read the article, I’m glad you enjoyed it. I’m certainly not anti-digital but it sure is nice just to ‘be in the moment’ rather than being tempted to capture it all, and working with film certainly gives that space and time to do so.

  2. While I generally agree with your points, I think you left out a very important caveat to point No. 1. You failed to include any mention of the newest kind of airport CT scanner, which is slowly growing in prevalence at many international airports. Unlike traditional security checkpoint X-ray machines, a CT scanner will damage your film with a single pass. I have traveled to different places around the world with film and not had any issues at the airports, but this was predominantly because I didn’t have to contend with CT scanners. My film has survived multiple passes through a security X-ray machine on numerous occasions. Also of note, while flying with film domestically within the United States, I have never had an issue requesting a hand inspection of my film from security staff. But at airports outside the U.S. the ability or willingness of security staff to perform these hand inspections is hit or miss. I think people looking for guidance about traveling with film ought to have all the information and know about all the risks.

    1. Hi Lee, thanks for the comment. I agree hand inspection s can be hit and miss but have very rarely been ‘forced’ to put my photos through a scanner (Chittagong in Bangladesh was one place I recall). Re: CT Scanners – have you had your films damaged by one of those? Or can post further information about this? Thanks, Ali.

      1. Kodak has published information about how CT scanners damage film. All you have to do is Google film and CT scanner. As I said above, I have not had to contend with CT scanners myself, so I have not had any of my own film damaged by them.

  3. “Yes, I know I could take thousands of photos as opposed to my measly 36 shots per day.”
    I’d rather take 36 decent shots in a day than have to go through thousands of similar “spray and pray” shots looking for “the” shot. ???? I believe that when you “spray and pray”, you have devolved from an artist to a person who merely presses the button for the camera, hoping that somehow a good shot will magically be taken.


  4. Stunning images there. You were – almost – right about “the strictest travel restrictions in recent times bar North Korea”. You needed “and New Zealand”…

    …I’m still dreaming of the day I can travel with my camera again.

    1. Ah yes of course NZ! I have an NZ passport/ citizenship (dual with Oz) and STILL couldn’t get back. Hopefully the travel bubble opens again soon. Bets of luck, ALi.

  5. Hello Ali,
    A timely article. I just returned from 3 days in Washington DC, flying from Connecticut on Southwest Airlines.
    Various agencies have defined safety rules for travel in the US. The first, mask wearing. From the moment you enter the airport, you wear a mask. If you use public transportation, you wear a mask. In D.C., masks must be worn in all indoor spaces. A lot of time wearing a mask. Our ‘new normal.’

    When you fly in the U.S., you are entitled to ask for a hand inspection of film. This is clearly stated before you enter the security zone. In addition, you’re informed that placing film in checked luggage will harm or destroy your film.

    I didn’t encounter any problems passing thru security. The TSA agents told me that the x-ray machines for carry-on luggage will not harm film up to 800 ISO. But, if you pass through multiple security points, your film may be ruined because of the cumulative x-ray exposure. I’ve read that 5 passes through these x-ray machines will cause damage or destroy the film. Others may have had better or worse luck. I politely tell the TSA agents that the film will pass through multiple security points, so any hand check helps me. Never a problem.

    You could also buy your film when you arrive at your destination and have it processed in-country. When I was in Italy, I shot XP-2. I contacted Ilford (UK) and asked them for information on any pro labs in Florence. They provided me with contact information that led me to a pro lab. 24 hour turn-around time, but we worked that into our plans. Ya gotta love the internet!

    There has been some information published by Ilford and Kodak about new generation x-ray machines that will ruin film, regardless of the ISO.
    I’ve never used lead-lined bags. Once source of information states that security agents will pump-up the intensity of the x-ray to penetrate the bag. Others say there is no control on the device to turn up the does; it would be unsafe and perhaps fatal to the operators. But, another situation exists. I’ve seen the plastic trays back-up on the conveyor belt, and some stay in the machine for a few seconds. That could be damaging to film.

    All of this pertains to domestic travel here in the U.S. Overseas, I’ve had problems at Heathrow, no problems at Shannon in Ireland and smooth sailing in both Italy and France.

    Your points are valid! Arrive early as possible. Be polite. Explain why you shoot film. If needed, ask for a supervisor.
    DON’T LOSE YOUR COOL! Your film could be destroyed out of spite and you could get arrested.

    For me, it’s worth the extra time to shoot film. 36 exposures per roll is not a hinderance. You need to plan, think and make every scene/shot count.

    1. Thanks for the additional information Daniel, and yes it certainly is worth the hassle to use film. These new x-rays sound like they might be a hinderance, especially when travelling to places where film / processing is not available…

  6. Great pics! My experience is in the USA every airport I’ve been through has been happy to hand check luggage. The moment I got to Europe – England/Germany/Switzerland – no matter how polite I was, hand check was flatly refused.
    The new CT scanners are a film killer and currently Ilford is in discussions with the powers that be to try to make exceptions for film.
    As for having your film in checked in luggage – you got lucky. The Xray machines used on luggage are more powerful than for hand check.


    We are working with the DFT and Heathrow airport in the UK and will shortly be updating our information relating to the new CT type x-ray scanners being installed at major airports worldwide.

    Based on our initial testing it is almost certain the new CT type x-ray scanners for cabin baggage will be deemed unsafe for any of our ILFORD and KENTMERE film products irrespective of ISO speed rating.

    You must therefore ask for hand inspection of your films if the airport is using one of the new type scanners. We will be issuing more specific advice as we complete our testing and evaluation.


    The following machines are currently on the market;

    Smiths – CTIX
    L3 – Clearscan
    Rapiscan – 920CT / Connect CT
    IDSS – Detect 1000
    Nuctech – Kylin
    Analogic Cobra

    If you need to travel on aircraft with film, we recommend always taking your film in carry on cabin luggage. The X-ray scanners used to check hand luggage are safe for all but the highest speed films, so except for DELTA PROFESSIONAL 3200, this is our recommendation. It is also possible to request a hand inspection for films and most security staff will allow this (although this varies between airports and countries). For DELTA 3200 you should request a hand inspection or alternatively buy the film at your destination.

    Please Note: We do not recommend taking any film in your checked hold luggage, the X-ray machines used for scanning hold luggage are more powerful than the hand luggage scanners and may cause fogging of your films.

    1. Thanks for the additional info Huss, much appreciated. It’s been a while (due to lockdown) I’ve had to think about film and x-ray scanners so will do a bit more research. I wonder if it’s possible to find out which jurisdictions use which machines in order to be prepared…?

    2. This is what I needed to know before the summer! Spent ages looking but couldn’t find anything, but good to know now – thank you! Looks like I got away with it. I agree with Ali’s comment – it’d be nice to be able to find out ahead of arrival which airports were equipped with CT scanners; surely the hot topic issue now when it comes to flying with film.

  7. Ali, your images are outstanding. The issue of film and airport scanners seems to be a muddle. I doubt there will be international standards and regulations in the future because film is such a niche pursuit. Does anyone know what the airport protocols in Mexico might be? Cheers all.

    1. Thanks for the kind words Gary – yes, will be interesting to see how it all rolls out with x-rays. I can imagine that along with Covid vaccine passports, masks, quarrantine etc. airport staff are going to have less patience for us analog photographers requesting special permissions to have film canisters hand-inspected.
      The solution? Travel overland!

  8. It was so much easier in the old days … or was it? I remember heading to southern Africa in the 1980s with 50 rolls of Kodachrome, which I split between checked, carry-on and pockets. On a side trip to Malawi, I got to Lilongwe a couple days before Prince Charles was due to arrive. Because I wasn’t registered as a photographer for his visit, all my gear — 2 Nikon bodies, 5 lenses, film — was confiscated with assurances it would be returned when I left in a week. No amount of argument would sway the security fellow, and my wife was tugging at my sleeve … But …. in my jacket pocket was an Olympus XA and several rolls of film. So the side trip wasn’t a complete bust, although my anxiety about my Nikons was pretty high. But true to the airport security fellow’s word, my cameras were safely returned when I flew back to Zimbabwe.

    1. Great story Gil, thanks for sharing. Did you get some good pics with the XA? I’ve always been intrigued to purchase one of those for the exact reasons you mention. Ali

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