Leica M3 DS Review – My final thoughts on the Double Stroke vs. Single Stroke

Since writing my first Leica M3 post – and in fact actually not long after I published it – I found myself in the possession of a rather tatty Leica M3 double stroke. At the time of writing this first post I had no direct experience of an early model, yet despite this I managed to be fairly fervent in my conclusions about buying a late model. Because of this I thought it worth an update to reflect this more recent and actual hands on experience of the M3 DS.

Before I get stuck into this post, let me just point out that this is effectively a part 2 to the first Leica M3 post. So if you have stumbled across this looking for general info, or if you want broader depth of opinion on these cameras, I’d start here first.

Buying a Leica M3 double stroke… by accident of course…

It all happened at the 2015 photography show at the NEC. I was there to pester Leica to loan me an M-A; a mission I succeeded in quite quickly. After doing so, I found myself wondering around with my mate James quite aimlessly. I know the chaps who work in my local london camera exchange quite well – James being one of them as it goes – so we went to visit Gareth, the Worcester store manager who was working on the LCE stand. He told us about an elderly chap who had nearly traded in a Leica M3, but had left without doing the deal. Despite owning one, I was a little disappointed and mentioned I’d probably have had it off him.

Back to wondering around the stands, and about 30 minutes later Gareth got in touch to say they had taken in the Leica. I went to see it, and it turned out to be a 1955 M3 DS in quite a sorry way. Apparently this chap had owned it since new. It was certainly well used and felt a little like it had sat in a drawer for a few years. It had bits of vulcanite hanging off it, the shutter was sluggish at slow speeds, the body scratched and scathed, the rangefinder out of alignment and the viewfinder was hazy. There was also a filter stuck on the front of the 50/3.5 Elmar that came in with it. And unfortunately, the front part of the lens was near hanging off where someone had attempted to removed the filter and caused damage in the process. In short it was a bit of a mess. So I bought it. On the drive home I sat in the passenger seat, slightly worried about what I had bought wondering a little if it was just going to turn out an expensive paper weight. The one thing that made me feel ok about it was just how damned smooth the shutter cock action was; in short, it was unbelievably smooth!

Leica M3 DS - for sale

I sent it for a CLA almost straight away. Outside of the work I’d had done on my ‘blad a few years ago it was the most expensive camera service I’d ever paid for. But, it wasn’t as bad as I had feared it could have been and was definitely worth it. It came back a wonderful thing, still scratched of course, but working a treat! It actually landed on my desk just after the M-A did from Leica. And since I was only to have the M-A for a short period of time, concentration had to remain with putting my thoughts together about that. But, after the M-A was returned to Leica, the M3 double stroke was the first camera I picked up. It certainly made the return of the M-A less painful!

Going back over old ground, the Leica M3 double stroke vs. single stroke

Whilst researching the purchase of a Leica M3, I’d managed to put myself off one of these early models. But I’d never put the intrigue about them out of my mind. This purchase was the ideal opportunity to answer some of my questions about these early models, and more specifically whether or not the conclusions I came to in my first Leica M3 post were were ill founded. I think the best way to approach this would just be to readdress all of my rationalisations in the same order I did previously…

The Leica M3 double stroke mechanism

The most obvious place to start – both last time and this – is the shutter cocking and film advancing mechanism. As previously mentioned, the early Leica M3s had a mechanism that had to be actioned twice in order to cock the shutter and advance the film. This action is of course where the nickname “double stroke” comes from. When I was looking to buy a Leica M3 originally, without any real evidence as regards whether or not the action of the double stroke shutter cock was smoother, my rational became solely about whether or not the double stroke would bother me in use. I’d decided on balance that since the advance is ratcheted the single stroke can be actioned twice if I wanted to, to this end, the single stroke would give me the best of both worlds. With the double, I was stuck with two actions. Well, in truth, this rational was pretty meaningless. The reality is, with a double stroke, I barely noticed the difference. I realise in hindsight that actually I double stroke all of my Leicas subconsciously anyway.

The one thing I am now able to answer is whether or not the action is smoother on a double stroke. Well, in my experience, comparing my double stroke and my single stroke side by side I must say the difference is subtle, but there. Something about the double stroke does indeed feel ever so slightly smoother. But the difference is so slight it is also a pretty much meaningless point of comparison.

The pressure plate.

To be honest, I have no idea whether or not the M3 DS I have has a glass pressure plate or not. I did a bit of research after buying it and found comments about being able to tell based on it being framed rather than not. You can see in the picture mine has a rim around the edge…? I think this means it is a glass plate? Does it make any difference to anything? Not to my mind.

Leica M3 DS - for sale

Shitter shutter speeds

I mentioned in my last post about how the earlier Leica M3 DS had the earlier style of shutter speeds as follows B – 1 – 2 – 5 – 10 – 25 – 50 – 100 – 250 – 500 – 1000. Later models have more modern shutter speed selections of B – 1- 2 – 4 – 8 – 15 – 30 – 50 (flash sync) – 60 – 125 – 250 – 500 – 1000. I came to the conclusion that since I’d be using a Voigtlander meter this didn’t matter. Well, as it turned out, I ended up with a MR-4 meter, which as it turned out I really like. I’ll no doubt come back to this meter in a later review, but for now I’ll just say that thanks to it being coupled to the shutter, I find it very nice to use.

The problem is, the MR meters don’t match the early M3 shutter dial as they have the later speeds. On face value I wouldn’t have thought this to be that much of an issue, the closest speed would just match up. Unfortunately, in reality, this is not the case. The problem is, the older speeds had 11 settings, and the newer had 13. This means that if you mount an MR meter to an older camera the shutter speeds don’t line up at all. The frustration is saved slightly by the 1/50th on the old dial matching the position of the 1/50th (sync speed) on the new dial. This means you can at least work out what speed you are at from that point rather than having to count up or down from the extremes of the dial.


Unfortunately, now I’ve found the joys of an MR meter, this has actually become quite a big deal for me. I mentioned in my last post about the Leica M2 just how picky I’ve become about my Leicas, well this is a good example of that pickiness!

The rangefinder patch and other considerations.

The later M3, and indeed M2 have a notched rangefinder patch. I was intrigued by these notches, but now I’ve experienced them, I think I can see why they were depreciated. I just don’t use them, in fact I barely notice their presence. I’d be interested to hear from anyone who does find them useful though?

I haven’t changed my mind about the different strap lugs or frame line preview lever though. I don’t find the presence of the former or lack of the later to be reasonable justifications for either later or early model. Though, I am sure some find the frame line preview lever useful, I just don’t use one at all.

0.7 meter focusing

My final, and probably most major rationalisation for a late model M3 was the ability to focus down to 0.7 meters. I haven’t actually tried modding the early one in the way I did my late model, but from what I’ve read it might not be possible, so I won’t be trying. I only actually shot the with a lens that focussed down to 1m, but I’m sure that if I did use a 0.7m focusing lens I would notice it… In fact, for me, this probably remains the big selling point of the later model. The problem is, it’s not a standard feature and actually there is no guarantee in a late model that it can be modded. In my view, as I said in my first post, it’s best to just accept that the M3 doesn’t focus down to 0.7m, and if you get one that can, then more than anything else, just consider yourself lucky.

My final thoughts on the Leica M3 double stroke

Since writing my first post about the Leica M3, and actually broadly as a result of that writing – as I mentioned in my M2 post, and very much alluded to in my post about the Leica M-A – what I’ve realised about Leica M cameras is that they offer a great deal of choice. Changes between them, and indeed changes even within a single model production run, can provide a different enough user experience to create a pickiness in their users. As I suspect I have portrayed quite accurately over the course of these two Leica M3 posts, I myself have become quite picky. What I have also realised – as also mentioned in my Leica M2 post – is that some of the thing I assumed I wouldn’t be that bothered about actually did bother me, and some of the things I thought would bother me, didn’t. Because of this, and actually because of the particular differences made to the M3 over its production run, I find it very hard to recommend either Leica M3 double stroke or single stroke. One thing I will say is this, they are both wonderful cameras, and if you are looking to buy an M3, I would doubt very much you would be disappointed with either, and if you are, it would be unlikely you would loose any money selling it on and trying the other.

For my personal tastes though, I’m sticking to the conclusion I came to in the first post, the late model 1,000,000+ serial number single stroke M3 is the right M3 for me.

Cheers for reading


Some of the photos I have so far taken with both M3s can be found here
My first M3 post

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6 thoughts on “Leica M3 DS Review – My final thoughts on the Double Stroke vs. Single Stroke”

  1. An M3 double-stroke was the first M camera I bought. I got it in 2007 and have used it quite a lot. Like yours, mine is a 1955 model, number: M3-782 160. We both have the glass pressure plate and frame lever. Mine is worn but not tatty, the vulcanite is missing in a couple of small areas. The top plate near the rewind knob is very shiny and the brass is showing through on the top edges. Works fine. I use it with the 35mm f2.8 Summaron with spectacles. I bought an M3 so that with the specs lens I could have 35/50/90/135 lenses with frames for each.
    Its my pleasure camera. I bought a leather bag from Mulberry (Rockley) and made an insert from thick card, wood strip and leftovers from having my sofa recovered. I can carry the M3 with 35 and the 50/90/135 and meter/film/notebook etc. Regarding the shutter speeds: the difficulty with using a modern meter is the 5/10/50/100. the rest are as now. What you need is a Weston Master 111. Try Ffordes of Inverness, Simon Chesterman at Collectable Cameras or even Peter Loy. Don’t pay more than twenty five pounds and make sure you get a leather case. Don’t buy them from ebay. Ffordes give 6 months warranty & 4.25 carriage.

    1. Hi David, my quibble with the metering was more about how the more modern MR meter doesn’t line up with the speeds.
      In the end I kept my later model single stroke M3. It was my first M3 so was the one I decided to keep. I sold the DS to a friend though, it’s nice to see it once in a while 🙂

  2. I should have mentioned that earlier meters like the Weston 11 and 111 have ‘Weston speeds’ for setting the iso on the meter. the golden rule, according to Roger Hicks (from whom I have learned an awful lot) is to set the next lowest Weston speed. So, for Tri-X / XP2 you set the meter to 320, not 400. As the meercat says: “simple.”

  3. Leica M cameras from the M3 up to the M4-2 allow use of intermediate shutter speeds. You’re not forced to use only the detented speeds on the dial. There are some exceptions such as between 1/8 and 1/15, and around the 1/50 flash synch speed. So, even if the camera’s shutter speed dial shows 1/100, if you have the MR-4 meter on it and you need 1/125, the MR-4’s meter dial will set the camera’s shutter speed dial to the correct intermediate speed. Such is the beauty of the Leica!

    Very few other cameras with mechanical shutters allow you to set intermediate shutter speeds. The Nikon F2 is another one. The F2 only allowed speeds above the flash synch speed of 1/80 to be set steplessly. For slower shutter speeds, you had to stick with the detented speeds.

    Several Leica guides (Rogliotti) suggest that the capability to accurately set intermediate speeds was taken away from the M4-P and later M6.

  4. My 775 M3 DS recently gave up on me. Long curtain will taper probably due to shutter brake aging. I DO love the DS handling a lot, but I guess I should stick to later models as well.

  5. Pingback: Plaubel Makina 67 - the Beginning and end of my Journey into Medium Format - 35mmc

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