Rangefinders (Fixed Lens)

Agfa Karat 36 – The Patchless Rangefinder – By Perry Ge

We all have our go-to cameras. This is not mine. It is however one of the quirkiest cameras in my unreasonably large collection of rangefinders and rangefinder lenses: the Agfa Karat 36. This little camera is a collapsible 35mm fixed-lens rangefinder with a small bellows tucked behind a metal frame. It uses a synchro-compur leaf shutter with speeds up to 1/500s.

I picked this up on a whim over a year ago while browsing one of the myriad classic camera shops in Hong Kong. After spotting it in the corner of a display, I asked the shopkeeper, “What the heck is that?” He took it out and let me play with it, and I was intrigued. I’d never seen a rangefinder quite like it. The only logical thing to do was to buy it purely out of curiosity. Hey, sometimes we buy cameras just for fun, right?

Open and collapsed

Mine is the third version of the Karat 36. Made in 1953, it came with a choice of non-interchangeable lenses: a four-element Agfa Solinar 50mm f/2.8, or faster 6-element Agfa Solagon, Rodenstock Heligon, and Schneider Xenon lenses, all 50mm f/2. I’ve read that there’s an f2.8 Xenar version too, but I’ve never seen one. The Rodenstock Karat-Heligon lens on mine is a gem. It gives a nice vintage rendering in its colour and contrast, and is plenty sharp with a hint of swirly bokeh in the right conditions. The f/2 lens is also impressively fast for a camera this compact. Aperture is controlled by a little knob on the bottom on the lens, and you focus with a tab on the side. I’ve seen some photos with this lens removed from a broken Karat 36 and mounted to a digital camera, and the results are gorgeous.

Combined rangefinder/viewfinder in the middle of the camera

The most unusual feature of this camera is the viewfinder and rangefinder. Instead of a more traditional viewfinder window with a rangefinder patch, the Karat 36 viewfinder is split into a top half and a bottom half that overlap in the middle. The viewfinder is smack bang in the middle, and when you focus, the entire bottom half moves relative to the top half. Here’s what it looks like:

The Agfa Karat 36 finder

It took me some getting used to, but once I got the hang of it I realized this finder design has two huge advantages over traditional rangefinders. First, the viewfinder is stunningly bright and clear because it’s two clear windows overlaid on each other. There’s no semi-silvered mirror or tinting. Second, you aren’t limited to focusing with a patch in the centre. Your double image extends across the entire width of the finder. I find the handling surprisingly nice, but I’m so used to viewfinders being on the left of the camera that I often find myself looking at the back of the camera rather than through the finder when I bring it up to my eye.

The Karat 36 has some odd design choices though. The advance lever pulls towards you instead of away from you, so you can’t advance film with your thumb. Instead, you have to take your index finger off the shutter to advance film. Most annoyingly though, is the incomprehensible decision to put a hinged metal latch over the sprockets that catch the film when you load it. I guess it’s there to make sure the film engages properly, but if you don’t line it up correctly it can tear the film when you advance, and if you close the camera with it open all it does is scratch the back.

Beware this little metal latch

After a while, the slow shutter speeds on mine started sticking. Not uncommon for decades-old leaf shutters. I contemplated removing the lens and converting it to M mount, but I have too much love for the history and engineering behind these old cameras to do such a thing when the issue is clearly fixable. So I brought it to Uncle Tat, the legendary Hong Kong repairman who owns Panda Camera Repair. When I showed it to him, he started raving about the camera and its history, and performed the repair at a discount price because he hadn’t seen one of them for a while. Definitely the right decision, and now it works perfectly.

Would I use this as a day-to-day shooter? Absolutely not. But every now and then when I feel like shooting with something a bit different, this quirky little Agfa can be 36 Karat gold.

Here are some photos shot with the Agfa Karat 36 on an unintentionally bird-themed day out. Shot on Fuji Superia X-Tra 400.

Photos of the camera were shot with a Sony A7RII with Alpa Kern Macro Switar 50mm f1.8 (another unusual lens).

Perry Ge is a Canadian photographer in Hong Kong with an unhealthy rangefinder obsession.
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4 Comments

  • Avatar
    Reply
    James
    July 12, 2019 at 1:26 pm

    Nice writing on this interesting piece of equipment! It is good to see people use such uncommon cameras in the wild. I also like your picture style.

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Robert
    July 12, 2019 at 6:35 pm

    Looks to me like it could be a perfectly fine every day camera with that picture quality and fast lens. Thanks for sharing!

  • Avatar
    Reply
    Patrick Abe
    July 13, 2019 at 12:11 am

    Agfa Karat 36 cameras with 50mm f/2.8 Xenar and 50mm f/2 Xenon lenses are semi-common ob eBay.com. A search today turned up at least two or three of each for $30-$80, depending on condition. It looks like an interesting full frame “pocket film camera,” though I haven’t used 35mm film since 1990, I think.

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    Sean
    July 14, 2019 at 4:56 am

    I own the Rodenstock Heligon f/2 version. Purchased from a garage sale for $5. Was intrigued by the backwards winding and very large lens. Had to get a CLA as it was massively hard to move the dials — now glides perfectly. The photos of mine came out quite stunning. I agree with you, it’s not a day-to-day camera, but it’s a solid piece of metal that easily fits into my hand. If only they could have put camera strap hooks on it.

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