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AE-1 vs. OM4 – A Viable Alternative to Usual Recommendations – By Michael Allan-Wood

August 22, 2022

It’s no secret that film has had a significant revival throughout the chaos that was, and still is, COVID-19. Isolation, forced or otherwise, has caused many to take to new hobbies or rekindle long standing ones. Primarily ones that are solitary, like photography.

This is a fantastic boon for those of us already in the hobby, but with global film shortages and an increasing demand for gear (read: film and gear is getting more expensive), what options are available for those of us starting out?

Google Trends Graph - 35mm vs Portra vs AE-1

Google trends showing the increasing interest in 35mm photography since 2018. Get an up-to-date graph here

The Usual Suspect

The Canon AE-1 was a landslide product introduced in 1976, during a time of fierce competition between major Japanese camera manufacturers. The AE-1 marked the first time a microcontroller was embedded into a film camera. This was a triumph, as it gave the general public their first shutter priority camera* (see correction at bottom). A combination of affordability, ease of use, and a massive marketing campaign allowed Canon to sell over 5 million examples during the total product life of the AE-1 and its derivatives. Of course Nikon – the market leader – and Olympus swiftly introduced similar products like the Nikon FE and Olympus OM-10; attempting to stifle the flow of AE-1s, but the damage was done.

Canon AE-1 with 50mm f1.8 attached. A special Montreal 1976 Olympics lens cap adorns the front of the lens.

Canon AE-1 with 50mm f1.8 attached. Charles Lanteigne. Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 3.0

Flash forward to 2022. The AE-1 is now a ‘vintage’, mass produced, consumer camera that has become ‘the thing to have;’ to be seen with or to use. This makes no sense, as the increased attention has artificially inflated the price of a mass-produced, mediocre product (insert your Rolex joke here). All things considered, this should be an accessible product given the quantities produced.

Canon AE-1 advertisement. “So advanced – it’s simple.” Late 1970s. Copyright Canon Inc.

The 2020+ problem

The AE-1 has mass appeal, reinforced by word of mouth (parents, relatives, friends) or by my fellow experts on Youtube, Reddit, or what have you. This has caused the camera to go through a sort of hyperinflation, which far exceeds the actual value which it deserves.

So, what of the other manufacturers? Nikon makes a fantastic camera but their prices have also skyrocketed, making things like the FE, FA and FG harder to afford for the beginner. The Pentax K1000 is also a great performer, but it has also shot-up dramatically in price (and we have no idea why). Looking further afield, we see the often forgotten Olympus.

The Olympus OM-System

Olympus OM-4Ti with a Zuiko 50mm f/1.4 lens

Olympus OM-4Ti with a Zuiko 50mm f/1.4 lens and somewhat rare finger grip.

Olympus’ OM-System was introduced in the early 1970s with the OM-1, a professional system camera. The philosophy of this system has been recounted elsewhere, but its primary focus was compactness, ergonomics, and weight. This philosophy meant that Olympus delivered one of the smallest and lightest professional SLR packages, with left-field controls; the shutter control dial is on the lens bayonet and the aperture control is located at the end of the lens. Shock, horror!

Yet in the context of the OM-System, this makes sense. The camera bodies and lenses are incredibly small, and the controls are easily manipulated with a single hand while peering through the viewfinder. With the success of the OM-1 and later OM-2, consumer models followed shortly thereafter. The consumer models are denoted by double-digit numbers – OM-10, OM-20, and so forth.

Arizona mountain top. Michael Allan-Wood.

Arizona. Michael Allan-Wood. OM4-Ti, Zuiko 35mm f/2, Portra 400.

In today’s market the OM-System is somewhat of an open secret among the film photography community. Here’s a robust, compact system, with excellent glass, and affordable prices. Great, but what’s the catch? Supply. Canon and Nikon pumped out millions of lenses and bodies and Olympus simply couldn’t match that; at the time of writing, there are 39000 “Nikon Nikkor” lenses listed on eBay; 17000 ‘Canon FD’; and 2800 ‘Olympus OM Zuiko’ lenses listed.

Zuiko Lenses

Santa Monica Pier Roller Coaster. Michael Allan-Wood.

Santa Monica Pier, Pacific Park Roller Coaster. Michael Allan-Wood. OM4-Ti, Zuiko 85mm f/2, Vision 3 500T + 85B filter.

Out of that smaller selection, we have an easily understood lens system with significant resolving power. The bread and butter lenses are the primes – all of them are great. The ‘pro-level’ lenses are slightly larger in size with increased contrast, and have a maximum aperture of f/2. That’s it. The kit lens was a prime 50mm f/1.8, which is a great lens and often comes attached to camera bodies.

But what about automation? That was the second biggest strength of the original Canon AE-1 (the first being cost), so how does that compare?.The OM-System’s automation is aperture priority with exposure compensation of -2 to +2. Pretty standard fare for the time. Some models also came with a Program mode, like Canon’s AE-1 Program.

The Getty Center. Michael Allan-Wood. OM4-Ti, Zuiko 85mm f/2, Vision 3 500T + 85B filter.

The Getty Center. Michael Allan-Wood. OM4-Ti, Zuiko 85mm f/2, Vision 3 500T + 85B filter.

Yet, that’s not what draws many to it; it’s the lightmeter. Olympus introduced off-the-film metering (OTF) with the OM-2, which was unheard of at the time. OTF metering allowed the camera to continue to monitor the light hitting the film during longer exposures and vary the exposure depending on the changes in light. This culminated in cameras equipped with OTF Spot Metering like the OM-2SP, OM-3(Ti), and the top-of-the-line OM-4Ti. This is your replacement AE-1.

Monterey. Michael Allan-Wood. OM4-Ti, Zuiko 35mm f/2, Portra 400.

Monterey. Michael Allan-Wood. OM4-Ti, Zuiko 35mm f/2, Portra 400.

The OM-4 was introduced in 1983 but was quickly succeeded by the OM-4Ti in 1986 (OM-4Ti’s were branded OM-4T in the USA); this included an upgrade to titanium top and bottom covers and revised circuitry. The original OM-4 ate batteries, but the OM-4Ti does not suffer the same fate. The camera’s biggest it-factor was the multi-spot meter; you can take up to 8 spot readings in your scene and the camera will average out the correct exposure. Naturally you can measure the same spot multiple times to create a bias towards a certain exposure.

Olympus OM-4 advertisement. “Norman Rockwell” Mid 1980s. Copyright Olympus Corporation.

Of course the automatic full-frame metering mode is acceptable, but if you do not use the spot-metering system, then I would consider other offerings within the OM-System.

The Breakdown

So, why should you buy an OM-4Ti over a Canon AE-1? Let’s break that down.

Tabular comparison of Canon AE-1 vs Olympus OM-4Ti

    Prices as of August 2022

For the similar price of a consumer product AE-1, you could buy a professional OM-4Ti and a handful of lenses. The oldest AE-1s are 45 years old, whereas the oldest OM-4Tis are 35; production stopped in 2003. I recognise that this doesn’t account for the emotional factor of being seen with a trending item, but if you’re reading this, that’s likely a secondary consideration.

Unless you’re one of the lucky ones with a bequeathed AE-1, you should avoid these plastic cameras. In 2022 these cameras are over hyped and overpriced.

The OM-4Ti is a great performer and any camera within the OM-System provides a viable alternative to usual recommendations. I’ve owned an OM-4Ti for a decade, and in that time many cameras have come and gone. The OM-4Ti has remained through all of it.

You can see some of my photography on instagram: @wmaw

*Update August 22, 20:08 CEST: A reader has corrected me that the first shutter priority camera was made by Konica, the Auto-Reflex, in 1965.

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20 Comments

  • Reply
    Steve Curzon
    August 22, 2022 at 10:32 am

    The OM4TI is indeed a cracking camera. I thought they held their value reasonably well, but I’ve not compared them against the popular ones like the AE-1. I would argue that the OM4TI was the “top of the line” though. The OM3TI is “hand assembled” and only built in small numbers to an exacting build quality. And the price of them reflects that!

  • Reply
    Neil
    August 22, 2022 at 11:31 am

    Great article. I use an OM2n myself and love it.

  • Reply
    John Bennett
    August 22, 2022 at 1:53 pm

    The earlier Olympus OM-1* is also worth considering: simple to use, rugged, and without the battery-draining electronics of the OM-4 (which is, as you say, a great choice!).

    OM lenses are amazing and affordable,

    *The OM-1N has a few improvements that make it worth choosing over the original OM-1.

  • Reply
    mike
    August 22, 2022 at 1:56 pm

    I’m not sure if film camera prices have come back to where they belong or if they are horribly over priced, but they sure have risen over the last decade. In the current market, I would agree that the AE-1 seems to be over valued. I used to shoot Oly back in the film days, and love the system. But to me the biggest draw back is finding lenses. They are available, but certainly not with the same choice as you have with Nikon.

  • Reply
    Bill
    August 22, 2022 at 2:20 pm

    My daughter has a bequeathed AE-1 but I much prefer my Canon ftb that I have used since 1977. Solid build , easy to use match needle metering and stopped down metering mode (for use with my 35 T&S lens) just to name a few of the features. Reasonably priced (cheap) also. In the early 1980’s I worked at an aerial photography studio and the in-house photographer used the olympus OM system.

  • Reply
    jason gold
    August 22, 2022 at 2:39 pm

    I must differ! The Canon Ae-1 is simply remarkable .Beautiful and, great deign, works well, Very short film advance and above all very reliable. Totally battery dependent so keep spare! If you can afford silver oxide it ought to last 10,000 exposures! (Canon numbers).
    My life with Olympus is spoilt by reliability issues when they were launched. Lived in a temperate climate, no humidity. Now in Canada, Mr. Winter exterminates battery. Battery is a plural word!
    Note: If you also use Leica-M film bodies all controls are very similar! Read instructions to open battery door! There is/was a key. Flash shoe cover! and Rolex, I hated working on them. Overpriced tractor design.

  • Reply
    Patrick J. Cicalo
    August 22, 2022 at 3:16 pm

    I have had all of the OM bodies mentioned. Love OM! While the 2SP, 3 & 4 spot meter bodies were advanced back in the day, they are buggy and devoured batteries. The OM 2n is the by far best and most practical way to go.

  • Reply
    Ted
    August 22, 2022 at 3:25 pm

    When I was a young lad as it were, I bought the OM1 and started my journey with Olympus. Loved it, especially that all controls could be accessed by the left hand , focus, aperture and shutter speed. I eventually moved up to OM3, OM4, OM4t. The OM4t was my favourite and it took some of my most favoured images. But I found i too delicate and the OM-4s broke down, but to this day the Om-1n is still operational, something to be said for it’s simplicity perhaps. Having said that I needed a durable camera and the OM gave way to the Nikon F’s the F3 and F4 and they can and do take a lickin and keep on tickin. I keep all my cameras, operational and broken, so the Om system is still with me. Oe day Im gonna dust it off and take it for a spin. Good article, thx for writing it.

  • Reply
    Ken
    August 22, 2022 at 4:40 pm

    Nice article and especially photos! I used Olympus back ‘in the day’ when they were originally released and have reunited with the OM-4T a few years ago. Amazing equipment! Surprisingly, my only criticism is you stating that “This was a triumph, as it gave the general public their first shutter priority camera”. Konica had released the Auto-Reflex in 1965 and even had advanced to the T3 model by the time the AE-1 was released.

    • Reply
      Michael Allan-Wood
      August 22, 2022 at 6:44 pm

      Thanks for the correction. I’ll update the article.

  • Reply
    davesurrey
    August 22, 2022 at 6:26 pm

    After my first SLR (a Nikkormat) I jumped ship and bought an OM1, followed by an OM2 and several lenses from a fish-eye to a 300mm. They were wonderful cameras and I don’t regret one minute ever moving to Olympus. So much so that after doing something very stupid and selling all that kit about 20 years ago I have bought an OM1n and 2n in the last few years and can really appreciate what a thing of beauty they are.
    I left the OM4 and the even more expensive OM3 alone as I prefer the beauty of the OM1 in its simplicity and the OM2 is just so easy to use.
    Funnily, even though I have several Olympus compacts and rangefinders eg the 35SP the Trip35 and the 35RD I never went to Oly for digital

  • Reply
    davesurrey
    August 22, 2022 at 6:33 pm

    I just had a quick look on eBay and I certainly didn’t get the impression that the AE1 is a lot more expensive than the OM4Ti.
    In fact it looked the other way. But that’s the UK marketplace. Other sites and markets may vary.

  • Reply
    Dan Castelli
    August 22, 2022 at 9:08 pm

    I commend your attempt to bring logic and common sense to a subject driven by emotion.
    I’m retired, this my income is limited. I’m a homeowner, we both own our cars. These require maintenance, sometimes repair & upgrades. Or, to put it another way, money.
    My point is that I must carefully spend funds on my photography. I replace as needed, not expand my armamentarium. This is not uncommon for my fellow retirees.
    Some cameras my be inexpensive, so people buy to replace rather than repair. My approach was to buy a well crafted piece of equipment, and repair or CLA as needed. My lens selection is clustered around primes. I’m closer to a street discipline rather than a nature discipline.
    I’ve been involved in photography for 60 years. The AE-1 pulled thousands into a new hobby. But, thousands abandoned the hobby for other pursuits. The OM pro line was aimed for pro photographers. They were not well build for the rigors of pro use. I once saw a UPI photographer kick his bag of OM equipment across a press room floor because is was so prone to break down.
    Today prices are hyper inflated (like housing & gas.) look for gear that is robust, can be easily repaired and offers an extensive lens & accessory market. These observation are based on a hobby budget that is part of total living expenses.

  • Reply
    Charles Detheridge
    August 22, 2022 at 10:28 pm

    interested to read of the comparison between Canon and Olympus. Long ago I made the mistake of changing from Olympus to a Kodak digital bridge camera. Don’t get me wrong, it has served me well and has got a very good lens on it (my point of view, also early reviews of the camera) and is/was a good introduction to digital cameras.
    , The Covid lockdown!
    To my amazement I found during “lockdown one” people on eBay were THEN selling off their 35 mm cameras and lenses for stupid prices-stupid as in low! I also Found that film was still available (at that time, I was still learning, via Amazon) so I started rebuilding my original Olympus kit. Started with an OM-10 and a Zuiko prime lens sourced separately on Ebay . Including the OM-10 Manual Adaptor……£40. ……and it works. Not long after……..the camera I’d dreamed of ….. OM-2, slightly worn, like me, 30 quid!!
    Since then Olympus has ruled, with only a couple of aberrations – an American Argus “brick” and a Praktica (Same brand I started with, 40 years ago) with EDC lens set……. 😃 . I’ll never be an “Amateur Photographer”, but I’m happy snapping!

  • Reply
    David Hill
    August 22, 2022 at 11:49 pm

    I concur wholeheartedly with your assessment of the OM system cameras and Zuiko lenses—in “the old days” I used OM-1 and 2 and 4Ti bodies semi-professionally for decades. With a range of primes, the OM-4Ti and motor drive was my goto choice for sports action and contemplative landscapes. I used them very hard, in all kinds of weather—snow and rain, mountains and rivers—and I judge weather to be the 4Ti’s downfall. It bricked up one day, electronics blown, and that was that. 20 years later I still miss that camera. So my advice, if you have an OM-4T, is to take care of it, shelter it from weather. Dinna be stupid like I was 🙂 Lovely camera.

  • Reply
    Bill Watts
    August 23, 2022 at 4:36 am

    I always considered the AE-1 over hyped. Having owned Olympus cameras from 1975 starting with an OM-1 (which I still have and use, never serviced) OM-2Sp, OM-4Ti (x2) all of which are still preforming flawlessly decades later, along with a number of Olympus primes and zoom lenses I have to say they have never let me down. Admittedly I take care of my equipment but that does not mean that it does not get hard use. Olympus is still a very underrated brand. I have one of their bridge cameras too, an iS-3, weird camera – outstanding results on a par with the OMs.
    I would recommend an OM series camera to anyone starting out in photography. The “non-standard” positioning of the speed selector and aperture ring appear to me, at least, to be a superior ergonomic arrangement as they can be operated with a single hand without taking the camera from the eye.

  • Reply
    Leon
    August 24, 2022 at 6:30 am

    I briefly had a Canon AE-1 Program that I got from a friend and sold on. I shot a roll of film through it to test, but did not at all like the handling. It was creaky, plasticy, the antithesis of what I like about vintage cameras.

  • Reply
    Lee
    August 24, 2022 at 1:47 pm

    I think there is absolutely nothing wrong with having/wanting a Canon AE-1. It is a fine camera that was made in large numbers, which make it (and it’s derivatives) a readily available option. I do think the analog photography beginner with an AE-1 is, at this point, something of a trope, a cliche, and something that causes me to roll my eyes, however. My biggest issue with the AE-1 is that I don’t understand the attraction to a camera that shoots primarily in shutter priority autoexposure mode. I much prefer using aperture priority mode and think that’s a much more useful way to shoot for general purpose photography. By that logic, I think the Canon AV-1 is a more attractive option than the AE-1 or AE-1 Program.

    There’s also the Canon A-1, which I think it the best option among all the Canon A-series variants because it combines all the autoexposure modes, including full program mode, into a single camera. I personally have an A-1, inherited from my mother, and I very much enjoy using it and the Canon FD lenses I have accumulated for it. And I have used shutter priority mode on my A-1 for shooting sports on more than one occasion, to good effect. Mostly though, when using my A-1, I shoot aperture priority. I have noticed that, like the AE-1 and AE-1 Program, prices for the Canon A-1 have gotten notably higher in the past few years too.

    I don’t have any experience with the Olympus OM cameras. But I think there’s something of a silver lining to the fact that so many people are attracted to cameras like the Canon AE-1, whether it’s because they’ve done their research or they simply don’t know any better. The silver lining is that with people stumbling over themselves to spend more than an AE-1 is worth, it probably keeps the gaze of those folks off cameras/lenses that other folks think are superior. I’m OK with that.

  • Reply
    Alexander Seidler
    August 25, 2022 at 8:57 pm

    I like the OMs and im shure the Canon is nice.
    But i dont like the Porta 400 edge – if Kodak would have been producing normal film
    at a normal price, they wouldnt have sold portra.
    Portra is good for 1 out of 100 shots. Why Portra ?

  • Reply
    Zheng
    August 29, 2022 at 10:58 pm

    My first film camera was an AE-1 Program that my dad had bought back in the 80’s. It’s a great piece of gear, but I simply cannot shoot shutter priority and also despise full-auto.

    I currently own an OM-4Ti as my main SLR (I’m mainly a rangefinder shooter). It’s better in every way although the price nowadays is considerably higher than an AE-1 . It’s smaller, better built and more advanced.

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