Dance Develop feature image
Photos & Projects

Experimenting In My C-41 Developing – Dance Developing – By Holly Gilman

November 18, 2021

Trying out colour developing really got my creative juices flowing and I’ve had a fair few experimental ideas that I want to try out. I warn you now, this is not an article for those who detest the idea of deviating from the straight and narrow when it comes to their photography and developing!

I have always been experimental in my photography. Whilst I love just taking pictures, I also love to dabble in methods that produce unpredictable results, like film souping. I noticed that every time I developed film I had to actively stop myself from dancing and jiggling around, in fear of agitating too aggressively. And so the idea of a dance experiment formed in my mind.

Experiment outline

This is not remotely scientific but there were a few factors that I felt I should control in this experiment to make it relatively fair as a comparison.

  1. I used the same film stock, Kodak Gold, for each of my experimental rolls.
  2. I used the same camera and lens combo, a Canon EOS 1000FN and the kit lens.
  3. I took images in roughly the same conditions, the three rolls were shot within a two week period in generally bright sunshine bar a couple of each roll which were taken inside with window light.

The idea was to shoot each roll the same but to develop whilst dancing to progressively faster music. I had ideas in my head of the final one being to Andrew WK’s Party Hard but alas I also wanted to film it for YouTube so I used the music of a friend of a friend, Alex. If you’d like to hear his music you can find it on Spotify under Brutox.

Whilst the experiment was born out of my need to dance while developing, I also wanted to explore the idea of bringing together my hobby (photography), which improves my mental health, with physical exercise which releases serotonin, the feel good hormone. I have noted previously that coming back to photography during depression helped me to start noticing what was around me. I noticed shapes and patterns in trees whilst I was walking instead of constantly being inside my own head. Therefore I shot these rolls whilst out walking with my dog, with a few shots being taken when we had not long returned home and when I came to develop, I put on the music, set the timer and began to dance in whatever way my body felt like moving.

How the experimental developing went

I’m including below some images of the negatives.

Roll 1 Dance Develop

Roll 1 Dance Develop

Roll 2 Dance Develop

Roll 2 Dance Develop

Roll 3 Dance Develop

Roll 3 Dance Develop

I developed these but sent them off for scanning as I have not the time or energy to learn to convert colour negatives myself. This means that initially all I had was the negatives to judge the effects of the developing. My first conclusion was that there didn’t seem to be too much wrong with rolls one and two but roll three showed some serious distortion/appeared to be massively overdeveloped.

I did film this experiment, you can watch the full series on YouTube here, so what surprised me is that the tempo for roll two and three didn’t appear to me to be too dissimilar and yet roll two was closer to roll one than roll three in appearance.

And so the final scans. It would be a bit too much to include all the photos from each roll so I’ve chosen a couple of noteworthy images to talk about from each roll.

Roll one

Surprisingly there were 4 images on this roll all of which would have been in the center of the developing tank which are severely fogged. Ordinarily this wouldn’t have surprised me as I was agitating more than recommended but this is the only roll of the three that suffered with this particular defect. If you can explain that or have a theory, I’d love to hear it.

Showing the fogging from this roll

Showing the fogging in the center of the developing tank

This image of blossoms is one of my favourites from this roll as I love the colour shifts in the blue of the sky. This is really where my love of experimental methods kicks in.

Kodak Gold - showing colour shifts

Colour shifts

This backlit daffodil is one of my favourite images from the roll. I feel pretty certain that the unusual development has actually managed to emphasise the effect of the sun coming into the side of the image.
Example from roll 1 of dance developing

A serendipitous one now. The light leak effect caused by the development cuts at a perpendicular angle to the double yellow lines, right at the point in the image that the feather is located. To me that is perfection.
Example of dance develop experiments

Roll two

I mentioned that this felt quite similar to roll one when just looking at the negatives but on looking at the scans what I found was that overall the images were very usable but in the particular images that showed distortion, the effect of that distortion was greater. Here are a couple of the images that came out looking completely normal.

Example of Dance Develop roll two

No obvious distortion

Example of dance develop roll 2

Another pretty normal looking image with classic Kodak Gold colours

And then one showing the extra distortion.

Example of Dance develop roll 2

Much more obvious surges

Roll three

Knowing that this was to be the most experimental development in this little bunch I decided to try something a little different and took some self-portraits, or I suppose they should be called selfies because I was holding the camera myself to take them, and I’m really pleased with the results. I definitely want to try taking other portraits and developing in this style in the future to see what results I get.

Example of dance develop roll 3

An interesting option for portraiture

Example of dance develop roll 3

I really loved some of the distortion effects but this is a really subjective topic as some people would consider these ruined images or unusable but I was really pleased.
Example of dance develop roll 3

The most interesting shot for me on this roll is the one below where we have got almost a reflection of another part of the film superimposed onto the image. I have absolutely no idea how that has happened (please do let me know in the comments if you have any ideas!).

Example of dance develop roll 3

What have I learned?

I genuinely thought that the distortion would be far greater than what we see here. I mentioned in my last article that I felt that colour developing was a lot more forgiving than it is given credit for and I think this really goes to demonstrate that point. Okay it’s not consistent, but it has produced some very normal images alongside the more experimental ones. If this were a truly unforgiving practice then surely I would have next to nothing to show for the efforts?

As I mentioned before, I will be using this method again. When I have some time and a willing model (ahem, ahem any volunteers?) I would really like to try shooting some portraits and some macro flower shots and then developing at tempo one or two… Or even three and seeing how those turn out. Not yet unfortunately as I have many projects and ideas on the go but it’s certainly one I have written down and will be keeping for a later date.

As I mentioned you can watch the full series of videos on YouTube. You can also follow me on Instagram or see more of my projects on my website!

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12 Comments

  • Reply
    Tommaso Avati
    November 18, 2021 at 10:11 am

    I definitely love all these experiments!
    I would call them success, actually

  • Reply
    Bob Janes
    November 18, 2021 at 2:26 pm

    Absolutely barking. Made me smile. Go Holly!
    On a slightly more practical level – on thinking about it, I don’t think how vigorous the agitation is, should make any difference to development (unless it makes the developer keep or lose heat quicker?). The constant agitation should just bring some fresh developer to the surface of the film, I don’t think it should use up the developer quickly enough for development times to be affected by being vigorous and constant…

    • Reply
      Holly Gilman
      November 18, 2021 at 2:54 pm

      Thanks Bob! Now that I’ve used another kit (Tetenal) which requires consistent agitation, it makes me wonder whether this kit is more “potent” as it requires far shorter development times (3.5 mins compared to about 10mins) AND it says to only agitate once a minute.

      I must admit it’s all conjecture, I have no idea about the science but my thought process was that the wild agitation would serve to give an uneven development compared to the gentle agitation it calls for?

      Anyway, it was fun!

  • Reply
    Richard Politowski
    November 18, 2021 at 4:47 pm

    Well, this is certainly not “scientific” in any respect. Increasing agitation beyond the minimum recommended is more or less equivalent to “pushing” the effective ISO of the film a little or a lot by raising contrast. And, likewise, decreasing agitation below the minimum recommended is more or less equivalent to “pulling” the effective ISO a little or a lot. Evenness is a product of correct agitation for the equipment and chemistry used. Extra vigorous agitation probably could increase local evenness relative to low agitation (less mottling) but could also lead to over-processing of frame edges relatively to the middle of the film. “Right” agitation is a compromise that attempts to optimize the two while maintaining ISO.
    The real problem with judging results from color negative experiments is that the “print” or “positive” is an interpretation of the original (unlike slides which ARE the original) and is very subjective both technically and aesthetically. Many, but not all, of the images you show here are printed decidedly on the yellow side including and especially the vertical with the flower spike against the off-blue sky. A pre-print color-balance “correction” would make this shot look pretty “normal.” There is nothing fixed or “sacred” about the first positive one sees from a scan or color negative. To be scientific one would have to “bury” gray cards in each shot and balance the positive against it to minimize subjective and even objective color bias. Remember, the color negative is the score and the print or positive is the performance, to quote Ansell Adams, who was originally referring to B&W printing; but is even closer to the point in color rendering from color negatives.
    Of course, if one likes accidental fogging and other serendipitous physical events that home processing can bring . . . then right on!

    • Reply
      Holly Gilman
      November 19, 2021 at 11:53 am

      Precisely, it’s all a bit of fun. Whilst I enjoy thinking about what has differed in the developing and how that affects the final results – the point is not to be too scientific and just to enjoy the process. I did try to keep certain things consistent – same camera, same film stock, same dev chemicals but I certainly was not going for a full “science experiment”.

  • Reply
    John Earnshaw
    November 19, 2021 at 12:57 pm

    There’s nothing like a bit of experimenting to keep the mind active, well done Holly! Looking at your images, it looks, to me at least, that the processing is not entirely to blame for some of the “artefacts”. I suspect the film itself is partly at fault, especially the fogging issue. Was the film fresh and had it been stored correctly? I had a similar issue some years ago using some way out of date, Kodak Gold. The last image where one frame has impacted on a second could be the result of a film being in the camera for a long period. This is something, I’ve never experienced, but did read about some time ago.

    • Reply
      Holly Gilman
      November 20, 2021 at 9:51 pm

      Thank you for the suggestions but unfortunately the answer is no on both counts, the film had been freshly purchased from a reputable seller (analogue wonderland) and each roll was loaded and shot the same day (i.e. 3 days, 3 rolls of film). The fogging issue bizarrely only effect the final images shot which would have been the first few into the tank and therefore the ones which were more tightly wound in the center of the spool. Which is why I was thinking the uneven agitation may have been at fault?

  • Reply
    David Morgans
    November 19, 2021 at 4:24 pm

    This blog makes hilarious reading after pouring over lifeless texts on photographic development. Good for you! You bring a whole new meaning to the term ‘agitation”.

    • Reply
      Holly Gilman
      November 20, 2021 at 9:52 pm

      Hahah, I aim to please – well to please those who don’t take themselves too seriously! Thanks for reading and commenting 🙂

  • Reply
    TobyVPhoto
    November 19, 2021 at 10:15 pm

    These look fantastic. I’ve never done C-41 dev myself, but the results you have got here are perfect.

    • Reply
      Holly Gilman
      November 20, 2021 at 9:53 pm

      Thank you! I’m pretty pleased too! If you’ve tried black and white development, it really isn’t much of a step up, not the way E6 is. I’ve got an article coming out soon with some “normal” results if you’re interested 🙂

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