Mounted on Sony Alpha 3000
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ZHong Yi Lens Turbo II Review – The Cure – By Tony Warren

December 16, 2022

According to Google Translate, “zhong yi” means “traditional Chinese medicine” and it did indeed cure one of my photographic afflictions.

Around 20 years ago, at eye watering cost compared to earlier camera purchases, I took the plunge and bought a Fuji S2 Pro body with a Nikon 24-120 zoom to replace the Olympus C2000 I had been cutting my teeth on with digital. I do like wide angles, however, and so the 36-180 effective zoom range didn’t cut the mustard for me. So, with even more expense, I added a Sigma 10-20 APS-C zoom to get me the wide angle range I wanted. Finnicky as ever, because I take a lot of architecture, the moustache distortion on this lens led to still more frustration when trying to correct distortion and perspective. And so it went on.

Eventually, when the megapixel race had left my poor little 6, maybe 12 mp (another story) sensor in its wake, I moved to Sony and a 20+ mp sensor with the Alpha 3000 and a Nikon to Sony-E adapter.

By this stage I had narrowed my lenses down to four, a 17mm and 28-200 zoom from Tamron, a Hanimex pre-set 300mm long focus and an ancient pre-Ai Micro Nikkor which I had taken a file to and converted to Ai and which has proved indispensable, both on the Sony and on my Nikon F801. Soon afterwards, the Metabones Speed Booster came onto the market but was a bit too expensive for my requirements, since I did not really need any connection between lens and body. Then I discovered the Zhong Yi Lens Turbo II, which did not offer any connections and was far less expensive as a result. This adapter allowed me to use Nikon fit glass on the Sony, solving the wide angle issue by utilising almost the full coverage of my full frame prime lenses, whilst optimising the optical performance of all my lenses.

Basic arrangement.

Basic arrangement to show how it works.

So what is it?

The ZHong Yi Lens Turbo II  is an ingenious device sqeezes down the full frame image being projected by a full frame lens to fit the APS-C sensor preserving a shade under full coverage on the smaller sensor. It allows various makes of legacy, film era lenses to be fitted to a range of APS-C and Micro 4/3 bodies whilst retaining infinity focus and just a little less than the original coverage. The difference between a “dumb” adapter and this one is the optics it contains. As mentioned, they sqeeze down the image from full frame to roughly half frame, somewhat like a condenser concentrates the bulb light source in an enlarger to match the negative. It has a factor of 0.72x so crops the full frame a little. The 0.72x magnification brings the 24 x 36 frame down to 25.9 x 17.3, a little larger than my 23.5 x 15.6 APS-C sensor.

Lens mount side.

Lens mount side.

Camera body side.

Camera body side.

Materials and manufacture are of good quality and the fit to both the Sony and Nikon bayonets is smooth and positive. Mounting on the camera is a little unusual using a breech lock, once favoured by Canon among others. The adapter is put in place and the rear ring turned to lock the bayonet into place, the adapter itself not rotating. Once mounted on the camera the ZHong Yi Lens Turbo II feels secure but not bulky or in the way, effectively simply forming an extension to the lens barrel.

Vulnerable rear element.

Vulnerable rear element.

Vulnerable rear element.

Vulnerable rear element.

The instruction sheet sounds one warning. Some lenses have rear elements that extend well behind the bayonet mount and in some cases will foul the front element of the adapter when focused at or near infinity. This should be checked carefully to avoid damaging anything. The instructions detail how to do this safely. Also, the rear element of the adapter is very exposed and needs care in handling.

On my example there is no problem with the adapter’s optics and they are very accurate, not seeming to introduce any unwanted effects into the image. I think they may actually improve things a little. Not very scientific I know, but because the rear element is roughly the same size as the sensor, the light rays are in effect being straightened so that they arrive at the sensor at close to 90º. Corner sharpness and chromatic aberration might be improved as a result. My examples would seem to bear this out, the result with the adapter looking a little crisper but certainly no worse. For these examples I took one shot at 50mm with a dumb adapter, giving 75mm effectively, and one with the Lens Turbo fitted at approximately 75mm, both on the 28-200 zoom and focussed on the leaf at the top right of the frame. The discrepancy in coverage is partly a result of the magnification factor mentioned above and the rather imprecise focal length markings on the zoom.

Paste up comparison.

Paste up comparison betweem dumb and Turbo adapters.

Image-forming light path.

Image-forming light path.

The examples demonstrate another feature of these devices and the rationale for their names, which is that they pass more light to the sensor, giving roughly one extra stop’s worth. Both were shot at 1/640 sec at f5.6 and ISO 100 on manual and the frame taken with the adapter is visibly lighter.

So what?

Well, there are several advantages to be had.

Firstly of course, the lens coverage is more or less maintained, especially useful for wide angles. My 17mm Adaptall gives me only a little more than 17mm in practice but I am using virtually all of the optical design’s performance, not just the central area.

Secondly, as mentioned, the adapter delivers an extra stop of light to the sensor. This gives several knock-on options:-

1. A faster shutter speed can be used to combat camera shake or stop action, or

2. A smaller stop can be set for greater depth of field, or

3. A lower ISO can be used to reduce noise.

On the down side, the only real disadvantage is that, despite the higher light transmission, the sensor accepting that light is still an APS-C sized sensor and not a full frame one. The light gathering ability of this size sensor will never match that of an equivalent size full frame one which will have a physically larger pixel size with less noise potential.

Other disadvantages would be the loss of extra reach in telephoto, but a dumb adapter can be substituted to get over this if it is important, and the lack of any connection between the lens and camera body, in my case not too serious using legacy glass.

Bottom line.

Given that I am a long time amateur, a pensioner and a Yorkshireman, the idea of shelling out the vast amounts needed to acquire a full frame outfit makes me shudder. My investment in the ZHong Yi Lens Turbo II, however, has been one of my best ever.

If I think of what I could or could not have done with or without this accessory, it is really a no brainer, especially as there does not seem to be any effect on lens performance. Some examples of results with it fitted:

New Zealand wine country.

New Zealand wine country – Bannockburn, Central Otago.

Aurora Australis.

Aurora Australis as seen from the south east of New Zealand South Island – Tamron Adaptall II 17mm.

Autumn on Lake Dunstan.

Autumn on Lake Dunstan, Central Otago, New Zeaand – Tamron 28-200.

Flexaret IV.

Flexare IV – Micro Nikkor.

Time out.

Time out for a tourist – Cromwell, New Zealand – Tamron 28-200.

10 shot pixel shift.

10 shot pixel shift for enhanced sharpness – Micro Nikkor with some unsharp mask sharpening of output file.

Springtime.

Springtime – Tamron Adaptall II 17mm with R72 filter.

Tropical House, Dunedin Botanic Gardens.

Tropical House, Dunedin Botanic Gardens – Tamron Adaptall II 17mm with R72 filter.

The ZHong Yi Lens Turbo II has massively added to the enjoyment I get, even now in my 80s, from creating an image. Whilst I still get great pleasure from using my small collection of film cameras, I also love the variety and flexibility of digital. The Lens Turbo allows me to mix and match between the two mediums with the same equipment. Thinking back, I would spend laborious hours in the darkroom producing results that I can now create in software and print out in much less time whether they originate on film or a digital sensor.

A good range of lenses is crucial to all this of course and the Lens Turbo plays an important part in providing that for an APS-C user. Setting aside the potential noise problem, there is no real downside. After all, a megapixel contains the same information whether it is formed on a full frame sensor or a smaller one so there will be little difference in the results other than in low light or at huge image sizes.

So, no acupuncture needles or herbal preparations, just a very successful cure for one of my ills.

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8 Comments

  • Reply
    Nick Lyle
    December 16, 2022 at 3:54 pm

    I was surprised to discover how good these little adapters are. I use one with Nikkor lenses, and another with M42. The Nikkors seem to work particularly well.

    • Reply
      Tony Warren
      December 17, 2022 at 1:41 am

      My experience also. The M42 I have is a pre-ret 300mm and not of top notch quality but I agree with you entirely as regards Nikon glass.

  • Reply
    Matthias Steck
    December 18, 2022 at 10:30 pm

    I also had a Lens Turbo II, but for Minolta MC/MD to Sony E. I’m quite surprised that you noticed improved corner performance with your Nikkor lenses. I had real trouble with my Rokkor lenses below 35mm. The Minolta MD 2.8/28mm and MC 2.8/24mm showed disastrous corner performance, unusable. The (very sharp) Minolta MD 2.8/35mm hits the lens element of the Lens Turbo II. Between 50mm and 135mm I had acceptable results with my Rokkor lenses, but never on par with the results on fullframe with my Sony A7II.
    So in the end I completely switched to fullframe (and analog) and sold the Lens Turbo.

  • Reply
    Tony Warren
    December 19, 2022 at 2:54 am

    Hi Matthias. Those are very interesting experiences and so different to my own. I am not expert in optical design but could the Rokkors be computed in such a way that they didn’t play nice with the Lens Turbo? Your 35mm had physical probelmes as you mention so maybe there may be optical compatibilty prolelms too. That is academic for your now, having switched to full frame, which is the optimum way to resolve the wide angle limitations of APS-C of course. Do you still use the Rokkors on your A7II? I know they are excellent lenses from having used them in the past on SRT and XE Minoltas.

    • Reply
      Matthias Steck
      December 20, 2022 at 10:44 am

      Hi Tony I also don’t know what the reasons for that different behavior could be. The Flange focal distance of Minolta SRT (43,5mm) and Nikon F (46,5mm) is quite different, perhaps this could play a role.
      I’m still using my Rokkor lenses occasionally on my Sony A7II, but not so often any more, because I’ve some fine native E-Mount AF-glas now and my eye-sight is not so good any more. Only the MC Macro Rokkor 3.5/100mm which is still my to-go macro lens (despite it’s massive size and weight) gets regular use on digital. But on my Minolta X-700, XD-7 and SRT-101 with their great optical viewfinders the beautiful Rokkors still get some use.

      BTW: Is that Flexaret IV yours ? Are you using it ? I was about to buy a Flexaret VII, but than I got a Rolleicord Vb instead, which has some flaws so I think perhaps the Flexaret (which costs 1/3 of a Rolleicord Vb) would have been a better buy.

      • Reply
        Tony Warren
        December 21, 2022 at 8:28 am

        Hi Matthias. I think you are correct in suggesting the differences in flange distances may have bearing on the problem. The optical design of the Minolta fitting would have to be different to the Nikon fitting and may not be compatible with all focal lengths. It is shame yours disappointed but the Sony is more than satisfactory I am sure.
        The Flexaret is mine, the second of the make I have owned. The first was a model V and a very good example I regret having let go. The IV is missing all the delayed action components but still works fine on the marked speeds except for ‘B’. I wrote about its sad story on the Emulsive web site. I have used several TLRs over many years and consider it a near perfect all purpose camera, especially the Mamiya C series, which I used for many years. That is a heavy beast though and the Flexaret handles really well, avoiding the Rollei hand to hand juggling between shots. The Minolta Autocord is the best of this type though, but going for high prices these days. I had a really good one, also regrettably sold on.

  • Reply
    Lee
    December 20, 2022 at 5:21 pm

    As a Fuji X-mount shooter, who adapts many vintage lenses, I will agree that the 1.5x crop factor can be a PITA to deal with. It basically means my wide angle vintage glass is not wide angle anymore, when mounted on my Fuji. That being said, I’ve never known any speedbooster adapter to result in anything other than worse image quality, despite the ability to use your lens at the intended focal length on a crop sensor camera. One silver lining of using a crop sensor camera is that it crops out the outer edges of the lens image circle, meaning that the image you get is taken from the theoretically sharpest part of the lens. If I truly want to shoot wide, I have a Rokinon 12mm f/2 lens in Fuji X-mount that I can use.

    • Reply
      Tony Warren
      December 21, 2022 at 8:35 am

      I think I may be one of the lucky ones with my Lens Turbo to judge by some of the comments. There seems to be some variation between examples but I must say, mine is hardly ever off my Sony and I have no complaints over its performance.

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