Digital Cameras Gear Theory

Digital Nostalgia – 5 Early Digital Cameras from between 2001 and 2005 – By Bob Janes

March 22, 2022

The world spins. Everything comes around. Eventually we start to get misty-eyed about stuff that seems to have only just left the room. Yes, I’m at that point. I’m about to get nostalgic about digital cameras.

There was a sort of proto age of digital cameras at the start of the millennium, just before DSLRs started to dominate. Back then, digital cameras were possibly at their most varied and most innovative.

Nostalgia got me back into photography

My own insertion into digital photography started with a family history project. I raided the family albums to assemble the images that went with the names I was uncovering. I looked back into the eyes of people I’d heard tales of, some of whose DNA I shared, but would never meet.

My initial copies were taken on black and white film using my old Konica Autoreflex T3. The copies were not as clear as the originals, but they could be shared – and they were preserved.

Later in the 90s I had access to a portable PC and a scanner. The process was easier than photographic copies and the results were very good. I limited myself to 1MB for those first scans, because it seemed practical to make sure that even the biggest files would fit on a 3.5 inch floppy disk.

I reached the stage where I was taking current photographs of the family and scanning the prints. Once affordable digital cameras became available which could match a 6×4 print, it seemed there was a process that could be cut out.

From documenting the growth of our boys and key family events, I slipped back into my old ‘arty’ ways (what my mother, looking through my photographs when I was a teen, referred to as ‘More rusty metal..’)

Twenty years have passed since then. I find I’ve got a small but interesting collection of a type of camera that had a brief hayday between 2001 and 2005.

Nikon Coolpix 995 (2001)

This was a serious camera. The whole series took a fresh look at the ergonomics of cameras. The body was in two parts, with a swivel connector. The zoom mechanism was contained within the body without making the body too bulky, while the screen could be positioned to be easily visible for awkward shots from low or high angles.

The 995 was the last in a series of ‘twist-body’ Nikon cameras that dated back to 1998

The camera was aimed at serious photographers, offering as much creative control as was possible with a small sensor.  The Coolpix 995 had a 3.34MP sensor (resolution was precious – no-one ignored the numbers after the decimal point back then). RAW files were written to a Compact-Flash card.

The 995 twist-body style suited waist level shooting

Sample shots

Wide enough to get an interesting angle on stuff…

An unconventional body does not make it the most natural camera to hold, but you get used to it quickly enough…

Close-up capabilities are quite good.

Olympus C-2 (2001)

The C-2 was my first digital camera. It featured a fixed focal length lens, a sliding front cover and a 2MP sensor. This was a reasonable compromise for me. My father had spent the previous decade being asked by friends and family to repair their power-zoom compacts. He had little regard for the robustness of such devices, so a fixed-lens camera was no turn-off to me.

A remarkably practical little camera, overshadowed by its lack of a zoom

Other plusses were that the C-2 ran off two AA batteries (although conventional alkaline batteries didn’t last long). The camera offered an interesting panorama function with supplied stitching software. It used Smartmedia cards, which are not easy to get hold of these days. The format didn’t last much beyond this date. Olympus and Fujifilm (the main users) switched to the new XD card (which also didn’t last long).

Sample shots

The C2 slips nicely into a jacket pocket to be available to capture gems you see on the go.

It is remarkable how large a view you get through that tiny dot of a finder.

Canon IXUS 400 (2003)

This was my late father-in-law’s camera. It is a lovely example of the tiny jewel-like IXUS/IXY/ELPH concept which combined function and design to produce a practical small digital camera that had style. The concept outlived the analogue format (APS) that it was originally designed for. Highlights were the use of CompactFlash cards, a 4MP sensor and a three-times zoom lens that was reasonably fast at the wide end.

Form meets function.

Sample shots

Now, with electronics this old, there was bound to be a at least one casualty. The IXUS seems to have gone a bit abstract.

I can’t remember what this was, but it would seem to have been colourful.

It was notable that the IXUS was recording differently depending on whether it was held vertically or horizontally when shooting. I was in the process of investigating further when it stopped recognising all of my CF cards. I really don’t think it wanted to play any more. A shame because it is a lovely thing with a quality lens.

Minolta Dimage G400 (2004)

Mergers and acquisitions

Minolta did lots of innovative stuff in the early days of digital. They made some great and very affordable film scanners, they made serious bridge cameras, clever folded-optics zoom cameras and even pioneered In Body Image Stabilization (IBIS), which they called Anti-Shake (AS). They were also involved in a merger with Konica, oldest of all the Japanese photographic companies. Konica had a respectable reputation as a camera manufacturer, but were bigger in film and film processing and particularly promising in business machines.

I know it says Revio KD-420, there is a story behind that…

Identity crisis

This particular camera was originally a Dimage G400 which I bought for my middle son. As teenagers do, he took it to the beach and introduced it to sand – not a great idea with a camera that has a sliding cover and bits that get clogged up. I replaced it with something a little more environmentally sealed (a folded zoom camera from Olympus) and found a broken donor camera on the internet that I could steal the metal outer case from. That was when this particular camera changed identity from a Minolta to a Konica.

In truth it was a Konica all along. Even the Minolta-branded versions still sported Konica’s Hexanon lens. The camera itself is neat, with the 3x zoom protected by a metal sliding cover. This makes it safer to slip in a pocket without the risk of the zoom trying to deploy if the ‘on’ button is accidentally pressed – a danger I had foreseen in teen use, although I reckoned without the sand.

Creative controls are there, but not very easy to select. Of particular note, is that the camera had dual memory card slots, being able to take an SD card or the original format of the Sony memory-stick.

Sample shots

The G400 excells with small stuff, allowing you to get really quite close up.

Another of those tiny viewfinders…

Easy to operate with one hand, while you position your subject with the other.

Sony Cyber-Shot DSC-R1 (2005)

A last gasp of these dinosaur cameras. The R1 featured a 10MP APS-C sized CMOS sensor (CMOS had tended to be Canon’s domain up until this point). It gave a live view of the sensor via an electronic viewfinder and featured a fully articulating LCD screen on top of the camera. This could be viewed from behind, in front or above to compose. It could even be turned to face inwards to protect the screen if it was not required for composition or menus. Because it uses a leaf shutter, the R1 can synch with electronic flash up to the maximum 1/2000. I’m not at all sure how it manages 1/2000 with a leaf shutter, but it does seem to work.

Impressive, but out-competed

Dual CompactFlash and Memory-stick card slots are available, but you choose between them, rather than them being able to be used together.

All the creative controls you would need are supported, with Aperture priority, Shutter priority, program and manual exposure being available, along with choice of focus point. It had a nice manual zoom ring. The manual focus ring is fly-by-wire, but with a wonderful smooth feel.

Critical and commercial response

The lens was the big selling point. A Carl Zeiss branded Vario-Sonnar with T* coatings. It was a ‘fast-at-the-wide-end-and-not-too-shabby-at-the-long-end’ 4x zoom. Most of the reviews at the time commented that the camera was worth the price for the lens alone.

Good support for waist-level shooting

Reviewers were pleased with the results, but not enamoured with the EVF or the positioning of the rear/top screen. The camera took great photos, the lens was lovely and the sensor was good for its day – but writing a RAW file to the card took several seconds. It is possible to take a burst of three shots in a one-second burst, but you are limited to JPG and you have to wait some time before it writes those to the card. It might have sold better if it had been able to exploit video capabilities, but the early sensor got too hot to handle video. As it was, this camera was a pedestrian in a world filling with automobiles.

The R1 lost out to DSLRs that featured similarly sized (although slightly lower resolution) sensors. The kit lenses of the DSLRs were not to the same standard as the Vario-Sonnar, but interchangeable lenses offered more flexibility over time. The public voted with their wallets.

Sony soon had other things to concentrate on. Their own DSLR plans had to be brought forward when Konica Minolta quit photography for copiers. There was never an R2. Sony did return to large-sensor bridge cameras, but mostly those were with a smaller 1” sensor and zooms of colossal range.

Sample shots

Respectable close-ups at the telephoto end..

..and a genuine wide-angle viewpoint..

It really is all about the lens with the R1..

Conclusion

Now we have all seen the back of them…

Just 4 years separates the two cameras that bookend this selection, but progress in that time was huge.

The Coolpix 995 is a great camera, still very usable today. But it sports a 1/1.8” sensor which is less than 1/10 the size of the R1’s APS-C (ish) sensor. Resolution also tripled. The R1’s zoom ‘equivalent’ starts at 24 mm in comparison to the 995’s 38 mm. These were years of almost runaway progress, but all these innovative cameras would be swept away by a DSLR tide.

Cameras either reverted to the standard box-and-lens format of analogue days, or retired into a smartphone flat slab. The days of the wierd, wonderful and exotic slid away.

None of these cameras is really practical any more, although I might use the R1 occasionally if I need a top-quality zoom or some fill flash. After nearly 20 years it is not just the poor old IXUS that shows its age. As internal batteries give up the ghost, cameras that used to remember you had disabled the flash, forget that and the date. These were marvels in their time, but now they are just a reminder that our current kit is far more advanced.

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18 Comments

  • Reply
    Robart
    March 22, 2022 at 11:09 am

    I owned a Sony R1 – a truly superb camera , an ergonomic masterpiece and that amazing lens – I might buy another one.

    • Reply
      Bob Janes
      March 22, 2022 at 11:37 am

      I’m quite impressed myself. It is slow shot to shot, and the evf is rather ‘coarse’, but it is quite usable and will take the same battery as Sony A mount cameras.
      I think I was very lucky to get a good one for under £50.

  • Reply
    Lee
    March 22, 2022 at 12:32 pm

    My first digital camera was the HP Photosmart 315, from 2001, a 38mm equivalent fixed-lens point and shoot with a 2.1MP CCD sensor. It was not a high end offering, but neither was it at the very bottom of the spectrum. It was relatively small and relatively light and very easy to use. It was the camera I took to Australia during a college semester abroad. Back then, I was not really into photography and this easy point and shoot suited me perfectly. Looking back, the images I took with this camera are total garbage, photographically speaking, but they still evoke fond memories. Now though, I do wish I had brought a 35mm SLR with autofocus, with at least a 28-80mm kit lens. I would have gotten much better photos, and I’d still have the negatives to re-scan at my convenience.

    • Reply
      Bob Janes
      March 22, 2022 at 2:17 pm

      Back then a number of companies more associated with printers (HP, Epson) dipped a toe in cameras. A lot of companies were in printers, copiers and anything imaging.
      I’ve not tried a y HP options, but at that time HP had absorbed DEC and Compaq, so they were quite a force in technology.

  • Reply
    Randy Keeler
    March 22, 2022 at 1:49 pm

    Bob, I’d been out of the photography loop for several years. When a trip to NZ came up I had to get up to speed. I choose a Konica Minolta Dimage Z3 (4.1 mp). Which I abused from the very start of the trip…I left it on a stump, on the beach. Of course it rained that night, in the morning when I realized my blunder, off to the beach I ran. There it was waiting for me. I dried it off the best I could, and wrapped it in some newspaper (most absorbent item I could find.) The camera performed flawlessly for the next 60 days, something I remembered for a long time. A tough little camera. I look back at the images and I am still impressed. How is the Canonette making out?

    • Reply
      Bob Janes
      March 22, 2022 at 2:24 pm

      Both Canonets are reported to be functioning, and I’m hoping to be able to post some results soon.
      The Minolta Z cameras always seemed interesting – a bit of mechanical kludge, but I’ve always appreciated a good practical kludge.
      You mention 60 days, did the camera give up the ghost after that, or did it continue?

  • Reply
    Alex G
    March 22, 2022 at 3:01 pm

    My earliest digicam was from 2005 or so, it was a Canon Sureshot something… whenever I see those images parade past on Lightroom I wince just a bit. I’m having trouble understanding the current wave of nostalgia for first generation digicams. They feel transitional with the cameras that came before and afterwards having more integrity. I feel the same way about the people who are celebrating the sound of cassette tapes. I do still use my Fuji X10 from 2012 every now and then though.

    I can sympathize with the fact that people are looking for fun cheap alternatives to film point and shoots. It’s hard to find one these days in working condition for under 3 figures. And current color film prices including developing and scanning make each shot cost .80 cents to a dollar, that sucks also.

    But you can get a working Konica Auto Reflex with lens for $30, bulk load b/w film, and it’s still about as cheap as it ever was…

  • Reply
    Kurt Ingham
    March 22, 2022 at 5:15 pm

    You can have tons of fun working within the limitations of these old things- like using a folding or box camera with film. They are astonishingly cheap-a new battery is usually the biggest expense. Dire predictions of electronic failure haven’t come to pass among the dozens I own Most work fine-even those early disc Sonys hum along nicely

  • Reply
    Terry B
    March 22, 2022 at 9:57 pm

    Bob, I’ve never seen any reference to the R1 having a leaf shutter, nor an FP shutter come to that. The owner’s manual doesn’t say, and I’ve not seen any reference to the shutter in any of the major comprehensive reviews that appeared at the time: dpreview and imaging-resource. I suspect that the Sony R1, in common with all digicams except dslr, doesn’t use a leaf shutter. As the shutter doesn’t sound like a FP shutter either, I wonder if the iris has a dual function: it sets both aperture and shutter speed? This is hinted at by the 1/2000th speed being restricted to 1/1000th in some mode settings. Just some thoughts.

    • Reply
      Bob Janes
      March 23, 2022 at 1:22 am

      In early drafts id wondered about that flash synch. Back then we were a way off global shutter, but the camera seemed capable of such at 1/2000… I could find no references online anywhere.
      In the end, I stared into the lens and saw the little leaf shutter spring into place. I don’t think it is a combined shutter aperture, but I might have to work out some bokeh checks to confirm (apertures tend to be odd shapes for such shutters).

      • Reply
        Terry B
        March 23, 2022 at 10:30 pm

        Bob, 1/2000sec wasn’t that fast at that time with digital cameras. My Olympus W8080 had the folowing shutter specification: Programmed Auto: 1/2 – 1/4000 sec
        • Aperture Priority: 15 – 1/4000 sec
        • Shutter priority: 15 – 1/1000 sec
        • Manual: Bulb, 15 – 1/4000 sec
        • Bulb max 8 mins
        And this camera was released in 2004.

        Now take my Canon G3, equipped with an f2 – f3 lens.
        Wide: 1/2000 sec from F4.0 – F8.0 (otherwise 1/1250 sec max)
        • Tele: 1/2000 sec from F5.6 – F8.0 (otherwise 1/1250 sec max)

        What these figures actually mean is that from f2 to f4 at wideangle settings the shutter speed is restricted to 1/1250 sec. max, and and from f3 to f5.6 at the tele settings the same 1/1250. This tells me that the the faster speeds are only available at smaller apertures or, put another way, the faster speeds are only available at the smaller (narrower) aperture settings.

        Re-reading the dpreview review of the G3 it does state that there are compromises in the available combinations due to limitations within the lens, so it may well be similar with the shutter/apertures available with the R1.

        What is interesting, is that the shutter used in early, non dslr cameras, seems never to have been considered.

        • Reply
          Bob Janes
          March 25, 2022 at 1:47 pm

          I did some testing during the week and can confirm that it is not a combined shutter and aperture as I managed to get flare showing a very regular 7-bladed diaphragm. I’m guessing that it simply uses a small and very fast leaf shutter.

  • Reply
    C.A.Johnson
    March 23, 2022 at 12:04 am

    The Sony R-1 was my daily carry camera for many years. It was wonderful- flip the screen over and it was like a TLR, hold it up to your eye like a DSLR outdoors, tilt the screen and hold it over your head. Really nice to compose with. The grip was great in the hand.

    As noted the lens was quite special. I prefer wide angle compositions so the extra width was always appreciated. Couple with the larger APS sensor, the images were really good (for the time). More recently, the latest software tools can really enhance imagery from this vintage digital camera.

    It also had its limitations- grainy screen, sluggish autofocus, slow file writing, odd menu, limited features compared to the latest mirrorless units. But, as with most photographers who know their tools, it took a bit of skill to work within its limitations. The results were rarely disappointing. I still take it with me on occasion today for its unique attributes.

  • Reply
    Jay Dann Walker in Melbourne
    March 29, 2022 at 12:24 am

    Many thanks for an entertaining, even in parts a fun read. But misty-eyed? No thanks, not me – my first thought is, good riddance to most of the lot of those ancient machines!!

    Digital photography was stuck far too long in the unmemorable 5.1 MB era, back about 2004-5 everyone and their cat seemed to have one of these. Horrible A4 prints, soft in the edges, dark in the corners. Largely due to this best-forgotten time, I resisted moving into digital until Canon and Nikon upped the stakes by moving into 10 MB territory with the 450D and the D90, both of which I bought – and still own the latter, which my partner uses nowadays for around-home snaps of our cats and the garden.

    Of the lot, the Sony is probably still the Best Buy, and usable today. The rest reside in the dinosaurs graveyard…

    Interesting to note that the Canon and Nikons I owned (this takes me back to 2009 and 2011, respectively) are still eminently more usable today, bearing in mind that my current Nikons, D700s and D800s, are also regarded by many gear heads as living antiques. Also my Nikkormats FT2s and Nikon F65 kits, and my darkroom in the guest bedroom, but those are not digital, so I’ll say no more.

    Of the aforementioned Sony, one of our local charity shops had one donated about 18 months ago. They priced it at AUD$100 and it sat gathering dust in a locked cabinet for over a year, the price came down to $50, then $40. We used to make bad jokes about it – “does it come complete with the original crank to start it with??” and suchlike. Eventually, finally, someone put it out of its misery and took it home, reputedly for $25. It probably ended up on Bay for $500 “or best offer” as such relics do.

    This written from someone who still has his original IBM PC from 1985 – I won’t tell you what that contraption cos the to buy new, it still embarrasses me even after almost 40 years – with boxes of 5-inch floppy disks and the box of software disks and the ten kilograms of instruction manuals it came with. Booting up the thing with a Windows floppy was enough to drive anyone to drink. I’ve not turned the thing on for many years but I reckon if I did then it would fire up immediately, like all those old relics of the Early Digital Age.

    Of course all this makes me realise that I too am a relic, a living one, and my turn on Ebay may yet come, if I overstep the boundaries of my film photography at home and my partner decides to ‘cull’ me, as the Aussies and Kiwis do to their sheep…

    And those D90s, D700s and D800s will have their day as historical period pieces too. Trust me on this.

    Written tongue-in-cheek. Kudos to the author for a most enjoyable article. Looking forward to more.

    From Dann in Melbourne

    • Reply
      Bob Janes
      March 29, 2022 at 9:13 am

      Thank you Dann.
      I actually went out on a photowalk with other photographers and mainly used the R1, which held up quite well. Unfortunately I fell foul of the duff-interior battery, so when the main battery was out of the camera for charging (should have done it in-camera), the R1 went back to factory settings. The annoying bit that I realised was that it started beeping at me all the time – unfortunately I hadn’t realised that jpg output was also the default, so didn’t manage to explore the dynamic range of the SR2 files. Results were quite reasonable though (https://bobjanes.smugmug.com/Non-Alpha-Oxford-22/) biggest problem was missed focus on some shots (AF has definately improved). The wide end of the lens was very useful.
      As for the low-output of some of the others – when posting on the web those sort of resolutions do fine. My first DSLR was a 6MP CCD – I’d be quite interested to try shooting that again – unfortunately someone liberated it from my house during a burglary about 10 years back.

      • Reply
        Matthew Brown
        April 23, 2022 at 10:39 am

        I still miss my Konica Minolta 7D, too. Only six megapixels but wonderful colors. I printed 8x10s from it fairly frequently back in the day, and with perfect manual controls for everything and wonderful ergonomics.

        • Reply
          Bob Janes
          April 23, 2022 at 10:51 am

          Mine was only a 5D, but it was a very decent little sensor..

  • Reply
    Gary
    April 1, 2022 at 9:15 pm

    Great read, thanks

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