Image of Minolta X-700 camera.

Minolta X-700 and 45mm f2 Lens – A love story with an uncertain ending – By Torsten Kathke

Love stories come in more dramatic varieties. But they’re never more true. The 45mm f2 Minolta MD lens was attached to an SR-T 100x I bought in a now-defunct thrift store in Munich. The X-700 followed from eBay soon after. It’s an early model, produced in the 80s when the X-700 was still an exciting and new camera. Automation for the masses.

Image of ab American Ford fire truck in its garage.
Fire trucks are coming up around the bend. Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C. (Ektar 100).

My X-700 cost me less than 50 Euros in 2013, but it has been fixed, re-fixed and adjusted several times over the past five years for hundreds more. First, the condensers went. They always do in this model. I had them repaired. The camera came back still not working, so I sent it back to the repair shop. The camera came back fixed.

Image of the Bildmuseet museum in Umeå.
Blidmuseet, Umeå, Sweden. (Agfa Precisa 100 CT).

Then, two years later, it started misbehaving again. The image counter broke. This was less than ideal since I was on vacation, and the X-700 was the only serious camera I had brought. I kept snapping away, never knowing how many photos I would still be able to take on any given roll. I wound the film too tight because of this, but the camera kept working.

Most of the images I took with it over the years were with the 45/f2 MD lens. It has a less than stellar reputation, which I suspect is more down to sample variations between lenses than the overall design and quality. It is a small lens, but not a pancake. It still has some grip to it. There are no issues focusing. It is well made, late 70s, early 80s era metal-and-plastic. The metal is in the right spots. The plastic doesn’t annoy.

Image of commuters on an escalator upwards.
In motion. Emerging from Eastern Market Metro station, Washington, D.C. (Ektar 100).

It’s a fine lens, albeit one with somewhat odd bokeh. Sometimes that’s a plus. Pictures won’t look like they would with other fast Minolta normal lenses. Sometimes it’s a minus: they don’t look like they do with other normal lenses. It’s not always what you want or expect.

After the X-700 broke my heart by failing me in my time of need, I still loved it. I just didn’t trust it anymore. So it sat on a shelf most of the time. I used it with a multi-function back to count frames, but I remained unhappy about the kludgy solution.

In the end, it was clear what I had to do. After almost two years I got around to it. I had the X-700 fixed again. I paid more money, trusting the seasoned repairman to make the camera as good as new. It now is. What I had never noticed is that the camera had not worked in program mode at all. It had not operated the aperture. That meant every picture taken in program mode was taken at f2. Some have a noticeable softness around the edges because of that. This, too, is now fixed. The camera is in better shape than it has been, possibly since it was produced. I am beginning to rebuild trust with it.

Image of a bowl of yellow berries on a stone step.
Berries. And soft corners. (Agfa Precisa 100 CT).

And a good thing that is, too. The X-700 and the 45/f2 together make for a full-featured manual focus SLR that is comfortably big for handling but is never so big as to be encumbering. The 45mm lens is that extra tad wider than a 50mm that I always seem to want. It lets you include in the picture exactly what you want. No more and no less; and no fuss.

Image of a garden gnome in the woods.
Wood gnome. The somewhat unruly bokeh in evidence. (Agfa Precisa 100 CT).

Take it to the street, and you won’t raise a ruckus. Build it up with a motor drive and a tilting flash and you’ll look like you know what you’re doing. Add the program back for timed exposures, multiple exposures, interval exposures, what have you. It’s a versatile combination.

Both lens and camera have been with me almost since I first rediscovered film photography in late 2013. The things this camera has seen have been moments of my life. Defining ones, small ones, unimportant ones, fun ones. All moments worth saving. Moments that matter. That, perhaps, is why I keep coming back to the Minolta X-700 and the 45/f2 MD lens: the pictures tell stories, yes. But the camera that made them tells a story, too. A love story. Ending still uncertain.

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23 thoughts on “Minolta X-700 and 45mm f2 Lens – A love story with an uncertain ending – By Torsten Kathke”

  1. Thanks for sharing! Great images… my X-570 is calling my name but I’ve been in an obsessive Nikon F100 mode as of late. That 45mm really sings… I have the MD 50 1.4 and MC 58 1.4. Both are so much fun.

    1. Scott, thanks! I have all of these lenses as well, and they’re great. None as versatile as the little 45 though. Don’t have an X-570 myself but may have to get one to see why it’s so beloved – I mostly use A-mode on the X-700 so haven‘t run into its metering display limitation so much. And one of these days I‘ll need to join the F100 club as well. Heading out to Berlin with my trusty F801S today.

  2. The X-700 was my field camera through out the 80’s and 90’s when I was a geologist working in the field. I’ve had some disappointment with the XD-11’s reliability, which sent me running back to my X-700’s. Minolta cameras and lenses were grossly underappreciated. Thanks for loving my favorite 35 mm camera too!

    1. That’s so cool, Kathleen! I keep hearing about how people used the X-700 professionally in different ways. I once read someone used it in his capacity as a police photographer, which I thought was fascinating. Would love to see what the X-700 produced for your geology work ????

  3. It’s like your camera was stuck in dream-mode. I like your images from dream mode, at least the ones you posted here. They have a beautiful feeling of hurried snaps and softness that is cool. That gives me an idea to just shoot a full roll at 2.8 and see what comes of it. I suppose that’s what the holga kind of does, I can’t remember what it’s fixed at. But either way I enjoy reading your blog and have so for some time. Keep em coming.

    1. I like it, dream mode. Maybe I need to go for that purposely more in the future. I have a Holga, too, and I love the results, but the light leaks and other issues make it less than useful for most of what I want to do…

  4. Good article Torsten – nice honesty, as I have never heard anyone before call themselves an unprofessional photographer. That gave me a wry smile. Really like the fire engine, berries and garden gnome pictures.

    1. Thanks so much, Paul! I may be a professional in many ways, but not in terms of photography. Maybe that’s a “yet.” Looking at this again I realize how many of my favorite pictures were taken with this camera/lens combination. I will make a point to try and take it out more often.

  5. I have one of the 45/2 lenses, an older Rokkor-X verstion that came with a Minolta XG 1 I picked up somewhere. Your results remind me very much of what I get from mine – that certain softness, that certain color signature. Mine imparts bokeh that reminds me of an impressionistic painting. I’ve seen other reviews that sharply pan the bokeh, but I like it. Example:

    1. That’s a great use of the bokeh, Jim! I understand why people pan the lens in terms of specs and measurable sharpness, etc. But to me that’s not usually what makes the picture. On the Minolta Facebook group, usually a chummy bunch, people get very dismissive of the 45 every time it’s mentioned. Oh well, guess that keeps prices down in case I want a backup copy ????

  6. Karl Valentin

    I had a Minolta Dynax 9xi for a while – a pretty awsome small pro camera
    with impressing technical features like the fast 1/12000 & 1/300 syncro
    Everything Minolta did right but no chance against Nikon and Canon
    to win the professionals so they failed again like with the Minolta XM
    Funny enough to know that the basics of Leicas R3 and R4 which seems
    to had some reputation came from Minolta……(Leica CL too by the way) !

    1. I love the Minolta-Leica connection. Would love to try out/own a CLE with its lens set, that to me covers everything I typically shoot. But you can’t beat the X-700 in terms of price/performance. I never used the modern Dynaxes, but I love my original 7000. If it had a stop-down button it would be pretty much perfect.

      Expect another write-up once I have enough money to blow on getting my pair of XE-7/5s fixed. That’s the Leica DNA in full!

  7. I share a love of the x-700 and 45mm. The x-700 is such a great mix of electronics in a manual SLR, and looks great. The viewfinder is excellent. Regarding the 45mm, i also don’t ubderstand why this is not a more widely loved lens. Minolta had some of the best lenses out there for their price point. Great article.

    1. Jon, thank you! I agree, the X-700 hits a sweet spot of just enough automation to be useful but not so much as to be limiting creativity. And it’s exposure meter is so good, I have much more trouble getting slides exposed the way I want with the computerized matrix meters of the newer cameras…

  8. Karl Valentin

    Well to hit the right exposure even the professionals use bracketing right ?

    Like I said the Dynax (but also the Canon and Nikon) cameras from the first
    autofocus generation are much underrated – so you can get this exciting piece
    of technic for lell then you pay for old mechanical cameras !

    The clever metering of the Dynax 9xi most of the time gave me a perfect picture
    with the first exposure while I was still able to choose 1/3 steps bracketing from
    3 to 5 when I had “other ideas” which would be the right one – also fill in flash
    was a dream to use !

  9. Peter Boorman

    I’m fond of a number of Minolta lenses, notably the 55/1.8 for portraits on cropped digital cameras, and the 35-70/3.5 and 50-135 zooms. Now I think I may have to look out for that 45/2 as well. It’d be an interesting lens to contrast with the Pentax 43/1.9 which is sharp as a razor but cam have (unusually for Pentax) rather hard-edged bokeh. I like what your pictures suggeat ia the Minolta 45’s ‘gentleness’.
    That bowl of cloudberries is a gorgeoua picture – and it’s making me hungry!

  10. woah, your minolta gave you lots of trouble before deciding to work for you! haha! I own one too, the same set as yours! really love the photos you took here! i had problems with my minolta too, where high shutter speeds kinda blacked out a portion of some photos. don’t really plan to get that fixed though

    1. Thank you! And well, no need to act as long as it works for you. I tend to not use cameras that don’t work perfectly, since I’ve accumulated so many thay do, and don’t want to bother.

      If I can travel despite the current pandemic the X-700 is definitely coming with me again this summer ????

  11. Pingback: Isolation Photo Project : Day 155

  12. Christopher Deere

    I don’t know whether to feel house-proud or sheepish as I come so late to this party and admit that earlier this year I picked up a well-used but still solid and completely functional X-700 for only two AUD at a local garage sale … along with a 50mm 1.7 MD lens, a 28mm 3.5 MC lens and a 100-200 5.6 MD zoom, all in good clean working order. Such luck does not happen very often nowadays, as more and more people realise the value of a good analogue camera for the ongoing benefit of their photographic practice. (The X-700 usually lists for at least a couple of hundred dollars on eBay.) I already own so much other good Minolta gear (XE-1, XD7, SR-T 101, SR-T Super, 58mm 1.2 MC, 135mm 2.8 MD, 50mm 2 MD, 35mm 2.8 MD) that the new batch of toys feel right at home. I’m sorry to hear that you’ve had so much trouble with your camera, Torsten. Reliability is always a risk with older equipment, no matter how much or how little you’ve paid to make it yours. I hope that all is well with you now, all of this time later. My thanks for your engaging review and your dreamlike pictures. – Christopher, from Melbourne in Australia.

  13. Thanks for this review, Torsten !
    My two X-700 bodies are both working completely.
    In my bag with Minolta cameras i take often a combi of 50/55mm Rokkor and 28/35mm Rokkor lenses.
    The late MC or MD 35mmf2.8 Rokkors are very reliable in terms of image quality, usuable even with F2.8 and f4.0. Furthermore you can use it for close-ups too with an MFD of 0.3m/1 ft.
    The later MD II Rokkors 35mmf2.8 are very small and lightweight too.
    The MD 45mm isn’t that reliable for my experience. The minimal focus distance is bad too with 0.6m/2 ft.
    For low light pics with open aperture each Rokkor 50mm delivers more reliable image quality than the 45mm ( for my experience ).

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